Kyla F. Ortved

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Posttraumatic activation of the catabolic cascade plays a major role in degradation of cartilage. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), a primary instigator in the catabolic axis, is upregulated in chondrocytes following injury. IL-1β activates key degradative enzymes, including MMPs and aggrecanases, and other proinflammatory mediators such as PGE2 which contribute to(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY To evaluate the long-term clinical outcome after allogeneic chondrocyte and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) grafting of subchondral cystic lesions (SCLs) of the femoral condyle in horses. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that chondrocyte and IGF-I grafts will improve the long-term clinical outcome in arthroscopically(More)
Intraarticular (IA) administration of viral vectors expressing a therapeutic transgene is an attractive treatment modality for osteoarthritis (OA) as the joint can be treated as a contained unit. Humoral and cell-mediated immune responses in vivo can limit vector effectiveness. Transduction of articular tissues has been investigated; however, the immune(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the veterinary student learning outcome of 2 methods of equine rectal examination training. STUDY DESIGN Randomized prospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION Veterinary students (3rd and 4th year; n = 40) and practicing equine veterinarians (n = 10). METHODS Year 1: Group 1 (n = 11) and Group 2 students (n = 10) received skilled(More)
Damage to the articular cartilage surface is common in the equine athlete and, due to the poor intrinsic healing capabilities of cartilage, can lead to osteoarthritis (OA). Joint disease and OA are the leading cause of retirement in equine athletes and currently there are no effective treatments to stop the progression of OA. Several different cell-based(More)
A 7-year-old Connemara stallion was presented with a 4 month history of blepharospasm, recurrent corneal ulcerations, mucopurulent ocular discharge, and keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) in both eyes unresponsive to medical therapy. Ophthalmic examination revealed lackluster corneas, axial corneal scarring and pigmentation with associated neovascularization,(More)
Osteochondrosis is common in young, athletic horses. Some lesions respond to conservative therapy. Surgical management is the mainstay of treatment. Arthroscopic debridement is useful in the femoropatellar joint, tarsocrural joint, fetlock joint, and shoulder joint. Debridement is associated with good outcomes, except in the shoulder joint. Osteochondrosis(More)
OBSERVATIONS A 1-month-old Nubian goat presented for sialocyst resection. Physical examination and bloodwork were unremarkable. While pre-oxygenating, the goat was sedated with midazolam and morphine (0.1 mg kg(-1) each) intravenously (IV). General anesthesia was induced 5 minutes later with 1.7 mg kg(-1) propofol. Sevoflurane was administered in oxygen(More)
Cartilage injury often precipitates osteoarthritis which has driven research to bolster repair in cartilage impact damage. Autologous chondrocytes transduced with rAAV5-IGF-I were evaluated in chondral defects in a well-established large animal model. Cartilage was harvested from the talus of 24 horses; chondrocytes were isolated and stored frozen. Twenty(More)
OBJECTIVES: We previously demonstrated that diaspirin crosslinked hemoglobin (DCLHb, Baxter Healthcare Corp.) improves systemic oxygen uptake in sepsis. Therefore, our objective was to study the effects of DCLHb on microcirculatory blood flow in septic rats. DESIGN: Prospective and randomized experimental study in a university-affiliated laboratory.(More)