Kyeonghee Monica Lee

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A series of in vitro and in vivo studies evaluated the potential effects of tobacco flavoring and casing ingredients. Study 1 utilized as a reference control cigarette a typical commercial tobacco blend without flavoring ingredients, and a test cigarette containing a mixture of 165 low-use flavoring ingredients. Study 2 utilized the same reference control(More)
1,1,2-Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a volatile organic chemical which contaminates drinking water and food supplies and is primarily of concern because of the risk of cancer it may pose. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the efficiency and dose dependency of presystemic elimination of TCE in rats. Cannulas were surgically implanted into male(More)
Male C57Bl/6 (C57) and ICR mice were exposed by nose-only inhalation to mainstream cigarette smoke (MS) from 2R4F reference cigarettes, at concentrations of 75, 250, and 600 microg of total particulate matter (TPM) per liter, for up to 6 mo. Respiratory-tract tissue (nose, larynx, and lung), blood, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples were(More)
Metabonomics involves the quantitation of the dynamic multivariate metabolic response of an organism to a pathological event or genetic modification [J.K. Nicholson, J.C. Lindon, E. Holmes, Xenobiotica 29 (1999) 1181-1189]. The analysis of these data involves the use of appropriate multivariate statistical methods; Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has(More)
AKR/J mice were exposed to cigarette smoke (CS) and/or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via inhalation for 3 wk and pulmonary responses were evaluated. The objective was to explore the feasibility of coexposing LPS with cigarette smoke under a subacute exposure, as a surrogate for viral or bacterial insults, that would mimic the pathogenesis of infection-related(More)
Female F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, or 2 mg/m3 (rats) and 0, 1, 2, or 4 mg/m3 (mice) for 6 h/day, 5 days/week (for up to 18 months), by whole-body inhalation. Lung weights and lung burdens of vanadium were determined for exposed animals after 1, 5, and 12 days and after 1, 2, 6, 12, and(More)
Propylene glycol mono-t-butyl ether (PGMBE) is a widely used solvent in industry and in consumer products, posing a potential for human exposure via inhalation or dermal routes. Toxicokinetic studies were conducted on F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice of both sexes to evaluate single or repeated dose, species, and/or sex differences in PGMBE elimination kinetics(More)
The heated cigarette (HC) generates mainstream smoke by vaporizing the components of the tobacco rod using a carbon heat source at the cigarette tip. Mainstream smoke of HC contains markedly less chemical constituents compared to combusted cigarettes. Mainstream smoke from HC was generated under Health Canada Intense regimen and its biological effects were(More)
2-Butoxyethanol (2BE) is used extensively in the production of cleaning agents and solvents. It is primarily metabolized in the liver to 2-butoxyacetic acid (2BAA), which is believed to be responsible for 2BE toxicities associated with hemolysis of red blood cells. The objective of the study was to characterize the systemic disposition of 2BE and 2BAA in(More)
Pulmonary emphysema is a major component of the morbidity and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Currently there are no predictive biomarkers for COPD. Initial steps toward identifying potentially predictive biomarkers involve utilizing well-characterized mainstream smoke (MS) exposure conditions (dose-response) to identify changes(More)