Kyaw Zin Thein

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BACKGROUND Ipilimumab (a monoclonal antibody against CTLA-4) and nivolumab (a humanized antibody against PD-1) target these immune checkpoint pathways and are used for treatment of melanoma and an increasing number of other cancers. However, they may cause immune-related adverse effects (IRAEs). Although many endocrinopathies are known to be IRAEs, primary(More)
Pernicious anemia (PA), the most common cause of cobalamin deficiency anemia worldwide, is an autoimmune disease of multifactorial etiologies involving complex environmental and immunological factors. Although it was first reported by Addison in 1849 with subsequent advances in understanding of pathogenesis and molecular biology, diagnosis of pernicious(More)
Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) is a rare life-threatening cause of acute coronary syndrome. It can affect young patients without atherosclerotic risk factors, particularly women in the antepartum or early post-partum period, as well as geriatric patients at high risk for atherosclerotic disease. The pathogenesis linking SCAD with pregnancy(More)
BACKGROUND Thromboembolism (TE) is a leading cause of death in cancer patients. Primary thromboprophylaxis (PTP) in ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy has been debated and considered to potentially improve survival by reducing TE occurrence. OBJECTIVE We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)(More)
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