Kwou-Yeung Wu

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In this study, the various antiglaucoma drugs including betaxolol, timolol, levobunolol, carteolol, brimonidine, dipivefrin, dorzolamide, brinzolamide, latanoprost, unoprostone, and pilocarpine were used to investigate the effects of cellular cytotoxicity in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells. After exposure to the drugs in three dilutions, 1/100,(More)
The effect of unoprostone isopropyl on the intracellular free Ca(2+) signaling ([Ca(2+)](i)) in cultured porcine corneal endothelial cells was evaluated by using fura-2-AM as a Ca(2+) probe. In Ca(2+)-containing buffer and Ca(2+)-free buffer, unoprostone increased [Ca(2+)](i) concentration dependently from 28.2 to 0.282microM, diluted from original(More)
PURPOSE Latanoprost reduces intraocular pressure mainly by enhancing uveoscleral outflow that may be involved in the decreased of extracellular matrixes such as collagens. However, the effect of latanoprost on corneal stromal cells is not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the changes of cultured porcine corneal stromal cells upon(More)
Statins, inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase, possess pleiotropic effects that have been extended to modulation of various cellular behaviors. This study aimed at examining whether atorvastatin (AVN) modulates cell growth, adhesion, migration, and contraction of cultured human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. The in vitro(More)
Although many studies have been performed to elucidate the molecular consequences of ultraviolet irradiation, little is known about the effect of infrared radiation on ocular disease. In addition to photons, heat is generated as a consequence of infrared irradiation, and heat shock is widely considered to be an environmental stressor. Here, we are the first(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have indicated that improper use of mitomycin C (MMC) caused cytotoxicity in corneal endothelial cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether MMC induces cellular apoptosis in corneal endothelial cells and to determine the mechanism by which this may occur. METHODS Porcine corneal endothelial cells were acquired(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the long-term dynamic healing process of outer retinal changes for 1 year in patients who underwent a standard vitrectomy procedure for idiopathic macular hole (MH) repair. DESIGN Retrospective, consecutive, observational case series. METHODS Data were collected on 60 eyes of 56 patients (30 women, 26 men) that underwent successful(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia is the most important stimulus leading to up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the retina via elevation of hypoxia-inducible factors-1α (HIF-1α) protein. The purpose of this study was to test the effects of melatonin on the expression of VEGF and HIF-1α in the cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells(More)
PURPOSE To compare the occurrence of significant bradycardia due to the oculocardiac reflex (OCR) during strabismus surgery and its relationship to preoperative clinical eye findings and subsequent development of postoperative emesis. METHODS The medical records of consecutive patients who underwent strabismus surgery August 2006 to June 2009 were(More)
The effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the intracellular free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells was studied after loading with fura-2-AM. In Ca(2+)-containing buffer and Ca(2+)-free buffer, ET-1 induced a significant rise in [Ca(2+)](i) at concentrations from 10(-9) to 10(-7) M. In Ca(2+)-free buffer, pretreatment of the cells(More)