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This study was performed to elucidate the anti-proliferative effects and the apoptotic mechanisms of extracts from Lethariella zahlbruckneri in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Both the acetone extract (AEL) and methanolic extract (MEL) of L. zahlbruckneri decreased viable cell numbers in a dose- and time-dependent manner in HT-29 cells. The AEL showed(More)
We investigated the effect of curcumin on insulin resistance and glucose homeostasis in male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice and their age-matched lean non-diabetic db/+ mice. Both db/+ and db/db mice were fed with or without curcumin (0.02%, wt/wt) for 6 wks. Curcumin significantly lowered blood glucose and HbA 1c levels, and it suppressed body weight loss in db/db(More)
This study investigated the efficacy of chlorogenic acid on altering body fat in high-fat diet (37% calories from fat) induced-obese mice compared to caffeic acid. Caffeic acid or chlorogenic acid was supplemented with high-fat diet at 0.02% (wt/wt) dose. Both caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid significantly lowered body weight, visceral fat mass and plasma(More)
This study examined the apoptotic effects of crude saponins acquired from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum (SPR) in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. SPR decreased HT-29 cell proliferation in dose- and time-dependent manners by inducing apoptosis via DNA fragmentation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. The apoptosis induced by SPR was(More)
This study investigated the beneficial effects of SK1 on obesity and insulin resistance in C57BL/6 mice, which were fed a high-fat diet (37% calories from fat). SK1 is an edible saponin-rich compound from Platycodi radix. The mice were supplemented with two doses of SK1 (0.5% and 1.0%, wt/wt) for 9 weeks. The body weight, visceral fat mass, and adipocyte(More)
This study investigated the effects of ursolic acid on immunoregulation and pancreatic beta-cell function in type 1 diabetes fed a high-fat diet for 4 weeks. Male mice were divided into non-diabetic, diabetic control, and diabetic-ursolic acid (0.05%, w/w) groups, which were fed a high-fat (37% calories from fat). Diabetes was induced by injection of(More)
We have demonstrated for the first time the mechanism underlying ROS-mediated mitochondria-dependent apoptotic cell death triggered by isoegomaketone (IK) treatment in melanoma cells. We showed that IK induced apoptotic cell death and tumor growth inhibition using tissue culture and in vivo models of B16 melanoma. Furthermore, we observed that IK(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is currently in clinical trials as a cancer treatment due to its ability to induce apoptosis selectively in cancer cells. Nevertheless, the risk of developing resistance warrants the development of sensitizers that can overcome resistance to TRAIL. In this study, isoegomaketone (1) acted as a(More)
There is an increasing surplus of tomatoes that are abandoned due to their failure to meet customer standards. Therefore, to allow both value additions and the effective reuse of surplus tomatoes, we developed tomato vinegar (TV) containing phytochemicals and evaluated its anti-obesity effects in vitro and in vivo. TV inhibited adipocyte differentiation of(More)
Celastrol has been reported to possess anticancer effects in various cancers; however, the precise mechanism underlying ROS-mediated mitochondria-dependent apoptotic cell death triggered by celastrol treatment in melanoma cells remains unknown. We showed that celastrol effectively induced apoptotic cell death and inhibited tumor growth using tissue culture(More)