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The ability to regulate specific genes of energy metabolism in response to fasting and feeding is an important adaptation allowing survival of intermittent food supplies. However, little is known about transcription factors involved in such responses in higher organisms. We show here that gene expression in adipose tissue for adipocyte determination(More)
The forkhead box (FOX) transcription factor FOXM1 is ubiquitously expressed in proliferating cells. FOXM1 expression peaks at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and its functional deficiency in mice leads to defects in mitosis. To investigate the role of FOXM1 in the cell cycle, we used synchronized hTERT-BJ1 fibroblasts to examine the cell cycle-dependent(More)
VCY2 is a testis-specific protein that locates in a frequently deleted azoospermia factor c region on chromosome Yq. Although its genomic structure has been characterized, the function of VCY2 is still unknown. To gain insight regarding the likely function of VCY2, we investigated the proteins that interact with VCY2 using the yeast two-hybrid system. We(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) exhibit unique cell cycle structure, self-renewal and pluripotency. The Forkhead box transcription factor M1 (FOXM1) is critically required for the maintenance of pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells and mouse embryonal carcinoma cells, but its role in hESCs remains unclear. Here, we show that FOXM1 expression was(More)
The RAS-RAF-MEK-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway plays a pivotal role in various cellular responses, including cellular growth, differentiation, survival and motility. Constitutive activation of the ERK pathway has been linked to the development and progression of human cancers. Here, we reported that mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
The Forkhead box transcription factor FoxM1 is expressed in proliferating cells. When it was depleted in mice and cell lines, cell cycle defects and chromosomal instability resulted. Premature senescence was observed in embryonic fibroblasts derived from FoxM1 knock-out mice, but the underlying cause has remained unclear. To investigate whether FoxM1 can(More)
VCY2 locates in the AZFc region on chromosome Yq and is frequently deleted in infertile men with severe oligozoospermia or azoospermia. VCY2 is a testis-specific protein with unknown function. This study was to identify the protein that interacts with VCY2. We used the full-length VCY2 as bait to screen the human testis cDNA library using yeast two-hybrid(More)
FoxM1 (previously named WIN, HFH-11 or Trident) is a Forkhead box (Fox) transcription factor widely expressed in proliferating cells. Various findings, including a recent analysis of FoxM1 knockout mice, suggest that FoxM1 is required for normal S-M coupling during cell cycle progression. To study the regulatory role of FoxM1 and its downstream regulatory(More)
MOTIVATION The interaction between transcription factor (TF) and transcription factor binding site (TFBS) is essential for gene regulation. Mutation in either the TF or the TFBS may weaken their interaction and thus result in abnormalities. To maintain such vital interaction, a mutation in one of the interacting partners might be compensated by a(More)
The proliferation-associated transcription factor FOXM1 is essential for cell cycle progression into mitosis. Using synchronized human fibroblasts we detected, by immunostaining, that FOXM1 is localized predominantly in the cytoplasm in cells at late-G1 and S phases. Nuclear translocation occurs just before progression into the G2/M phase of the cell cycle(More)