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A flexible single-crystalline PMN-PT piezoelectric energy harvester is demonstrated to achieve a self-powered artificial cardiac pacemaker. The energy-harvesting device generates a short-circuit current of 0.223 mA and an open-circuit voltage of 8.2 V, which are enough not only to meet the standard for charging commercial batteries but also for stimulating(More)
Glass-based microchannel chips were fabricated using photolithographic technology, and Pt thin-film microelectrodes, as coplanar impedance sensors, were integrated on them. Longitudinal design parameters, such as interelectrode spacing and electrode width, of coplanar impedance sensors were changed to determine AC frequency characteristics as design(More)
The vibrational characteristics of 3 types of the acoustic diaphragms are investigated to enhance the output acoustic performance of the piezoelectric ceramic speaker in a low-frequency range. In other to achieve both a higher output sound pressure level and wider frequency range of the piezoelectric speaker, we have proposed a rubber/resin bi-layer(More)
Biotemplated synthesis of functional nanomaterials has received increasing attention for applications in energy, catalysis, bioimaging, and other technologies. This approach is justified by the unique abilities of biological systems to guide sophisticated assembly and organization of molecules and materials into distinctive nanoscale morphologies that(More)
BiFeO3 nanostructures Seungbum Hong, Jeffrey A. Klug, Moonkyu Park, Alexandra Imre, Michael J. Bedzyk, Kwangsoo No, Amanda Petford-Long, and Orlando Auciello Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, Illinois 60439, USA Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois 60439, USA Department(More)
We report an efficient and environmentally benign biomimetic mineralization of TiO(2) at the graphitic carbon surface, which successfully created an ideal TiO(2)/carbon hybrid structure without any harsh surface treatment or interfacial adhesive layer. The N-doped sites at carbon nanotubes (CNTs) successfully nucleated the high-yield biomimetic deposition(More)
By combining the merits of traditional template-assisted methods for polymer nanostructure fabrication, we demonstrate an immersion crystallization process that combines features of polymer crystallization and template removal simultaneously. Well-aligned poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer nanorod arrays are prepared for the first time(More)
PVDF and P(VDF-TrFE) nano- and micro- structures have been widely used due to their potential applications in several fields, including sensors, actuators, vital sign transducers, and energy harvesters. In this study, we developed vertically aligned P(VDF-TrFE) core-shell structures using high modulus polyurethane acrylate (PUA) pillars as the support(More)
A simple quantitative measurement procedure of in-plane cantilever torsion for calibrating lateral piezoresponse force microscopy is presented. This technique enables one to determine the corresponding lateral inverse optical lever sensitivity (LIOLS) of the cantilever on the given sample. Piezoelectric coefficient, d(31) of BaTiO(3) single crystal (-81.62(More)
We investigated the effect of the Ag nanoparticles on the ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of Ag/poly(vinylidenefluoride-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)) composite films. We found that the remanent polarization and direct piezoelectric coefficient increased up to 12.14 μC/cm(2) and 20.23 pC/N when the Ag concentration increased up to 0.005 volume(More)