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Autophagy is a cellular degradation-recycling system for aggregated proteins and damaged organelles. Although dysregulated autophagy is implicated in various diseases including neurodegeneration, its role in pancreatic beta cells and glucose homeostasis has not been described. We produced mice with beta cell-specific deletion of Atg7 (autophagy-related 7).(More)
Whereas NF-kappaB has potent antiapoptotic function in most cell types, it was reported that in pancreatic beta cells it serves a proapoptotic function and may contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune type 1 diabetes. To investigate the role of beta cell NF-kappaB in autoimmune diabetes, we produced transgenic mice expressing a nondegradable form of(More)
As a new approach to islet transplantation, biocompatible monomethoxy-poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG) was chemically grafted onto the pancreatic islet capsule. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal conditions for completely covering the islet by the mPEG while maintaining a high viability of islets according to the reaction time and the repeating(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effect of insulin glargine (LANTUS) versus NPH insulin on metabolic control and safety in Asian patients with Type 2 diabetes, inadequately controlled on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS In this open-label, randomized, parallel, multinational, 24-week, non-inferiority study, 443 patients(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We investigated the clinical characteristics and follow-up findings of subjects with adrenal incidentalomas in a single, tertiary-care hospital in South Korea. METHODS The study consisted of a retrospective analysis of 282 adrenal incidentaloma patients who underwent radiographic and endocrinological evaluations at Samsung Medical Center(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of apolipoprotein B (apoB) to apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance (IR). Non-HDL-C is regarded as a surrogate marker for apoB in routine clinical practice. However, it is unclear whether the ratio of non-HDL-C to HDL-C is an equal or a better predictor than(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), also known as multipotent progenitor cells, release several factors that support cell survival and enhance wound healing. We hypothesized that MSC-secreted molecules would induce a trophic effect in pancreatic islet culture conditions. METHODS Pancreatic islets were co-cultured with MSCs, and ADP/ATP ratios,(More)
High-resolution ultrasonography (US) has made possible the detection of asymptomatic small thyroid nodules. Thyroid incidentalomas have created a clinical dilemma as to how to properly manage such incidental findings. We investigated the prevalence, the clinical and US characteristics, and optimal diagnostic approach to incidentally detected benign and(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic nephropathy is damage to the kidney caused by diabetes mellitus. It is a common complication and a leading cause of death in people with diabetes. However, the decline in kidney function varies considerably between patients and the determinants of diabetic nephropathy have not been clearly identified. Therefore, it is very difficult to(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery spasm is not infrequently seen in Korea. Most of the patients with coronary spasm show a focal spasm in coronary angiography. However, the cause of the disease is not well known. There have been a few anecdotal case reports of coronary artery spasm associated with hyperthyroidism, but there has not been a report concerning a large(More)