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BACKGROUND Although CT scans are very useful clinically, potential cancer risks exist from associated ionising radiation, in particular for children who are more radiosensitive than adults. We aimed to assess the excess risk of leukaemia and brain tumours after CT scans in a cohort of children and young adults. METHODS In our retrospective cohort study,(More)
It is generally assumed that a specific ubiquitin ligase (E3) links protein substrates to polyubiquitin chains containing a single type of isopeptide linkage, and that chains composed of linkages through Lys(48), but not through Lys(63), target proteins for proteasomal degradation. However, when we carried out a systematic analysis of the types of ubiquitin(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a promising means for treating degenerative or incurable diseases. Recent studies have shown that microvesicles (MVs) from MSCs (MSC-MVs) contribute to recovery of damaged tissues in animal disease models. Here, we profiled the MSC-MV proteome to investigate their therapeutic effects. LC-MS/MS analysis of(More)
α-Synuclein is an abundant brain protein that binds to lipid membranes and is involved in the recycling of presynaptic vesicles. In Parkinson disease, α-synuclein accumulates in intraneuronal inclusions often containing ubiquitin chains. Here we show that the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4, which functions in the endosomal-lysosomal pathway, robustly ubiquitinates(More)
PURPOSE To establish an organ dose database for pediatric and adolescent reference individuals undergoing computed tomography (CT) examinations by using Monte Carlo simulation. The data will permit rapid estimates of organ and effective doses for patients of different age, gender, examination type, and CT scanner model. METHODS The Monte Carlo simulation(More)
We investigated whether direct tissue matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) analysis on lipid may assist with the histopathologic diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Twenty-one pairs of frozen, resected NSCLCs and adjacent normal tissue samples were initially analyzed using histology-directed, MALDI MS.(More)
Ubiquitin (Ub)-protein conjugates formed by purified ring-finger or U-box E3s with the E2, UbcH5, resist degradation and disassembly by 26S proteasomes. These chains contain multiple types of Ub forks in which two Ub's are linked to adjacent lysines on the proximal Ub. We tested whether cells contain factors that prevent formation of nondegradable(More)
Nitrosative modifications regulate cellular signal transduction and pathogenesis of inflammatory responses and neurodegenerative diseases. Protein tyrosine nitration is a biomarker of oxidative stress and also influences protein structure and function. Recent advances in mass spectrometry have made it possible to identify modified proteins and specific(More)
A microfluidic electroporator operating under a continuous low dc voltage (7 to approximately 15 V) is reported. The proposed electroporation microchip exploits the ionic conductivity of polyelectrolytic gel electrodes to precisely control the electric field that is applied to cells without bubble generation in the microchannel. In this study, pDADMAC (poly(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia; however, at the present time there is no disease-modifying drug for AD. There is increasing evidence supporting the role of lipid changes in the process of normal cognitive aging and in the etiology of age-related neurodegenerative diseases. AD is characterized by the presence of intraneuronal(More)