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BACKGROUND A number of distinct stress signaling pathways in myocardium cause cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Class II histone deacetylases (HDACs) antagonize several stress-induced pathways and hypertrophy. However, cardiac hypertrophy induced by transgenic overexpression of the homeodomain only protein, HOP, can be prevented by the nonspecific HDAC(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anastomotic relationships between the accessory nerve and the posterior root of the first cervical nerve and to determine the course of the posterior root nerve fibers after anastomosis. The relationships between these two nerves were studied in 100 sides of the spinal cord and then classified into four types.(More)
Homeodomain only protein, Hop, is an unusual small protein that modulates target gene transcription without direct binding to DNA. Here we show that Hop interacts with Enhancer of Polycomb1 (Epc1), a homolog of a Drosophila polycomb group gene product that regulates transcription, to induce the skeletal muscle differentiation. Yeast two-hybrid assay with(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is characterized by transcriptional reprogramming of fetal gene expression, and histone deacetylases (HDACs) are tightly linked to the regulation of those genes. We previously demonstrated that activation of HDAC2, 1 of the class I HDACs, mediates hypertrophy. Here, we show that casein kinase-2α1 (CK2α1)-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Although right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) is an adaptive process to stresses such as outflow tract obstruction, uncorrected persistent RVH often results in failure of the right ventricle or even the left ventricle. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can effectively prevent or block left ventricular hypertrophy, so the present study compared(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to examine whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transduced with Akt enhance cardiac repair after transplantation into the ischemic porcine heart. METHODS MSCs isolated from porcine bone marrow and transduced with myr-Akt were transplanted into porcine hearts after experimental myocardial infarction (MI) using(More)
Skeletal muscle differentiation is well regulated by a series of transcription factors. We reported previously that enhancer of polycomb1 (Epc1), a chromatin protein, can modulate skeletal muscle differentiation, although the mechanisms of this action have yet to be defined. Here we report that Epc1 recruits both serum response factor (SRF) and p300 to(More)
The dynamic exchange of histone lysine methylation status by histone methyltransferases and demethylases has been previously implicated as an important factor in chromatin structure and transcriptional regulation. Using immunoaffinity TAP analysis, we purified the WHISTLE-interacting protein complexes, which include the heat shock protein HSP90α and the(More)
OBJECTIVE The proliferation and remodeling of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is an important pathological event in atherosclerosis and restenosis. Here we report that microRNA-132 (miR-132) blocks vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) proliferation by inhibiting the expression of LRRFIP1 [leucine-rich repeat (in Flightless 1) interacting protein-1]. (More)
INTRODUCTION Gout is characterized by episodes of intense joint inflammation in response to intra-articular monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals. miR-155 is crucial for the proinflammatory activation of human myeloid cells and antigen-driven inflammatory arthritis. The functional role of miR-155 in acute gouty arthritis has not been defined.(More)