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We sequenced the prion protein gene and studied the biochemical characteristics and the intracerebral distribution of protease-resistant prion protein with Western blot and immunohistochemistry in 19 cases of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. We identified four groups of subjects defined by the genotype at codon 129 of the prion protein gene, the site of(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), a cerebello-pyramidal syndrome associated with dementia and caused by mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP), is phenotypically heterogeneous. The molecular mechanisms responsible for such heterogeneity are unknown. Since we hypothesize that prion protein (PrP) heterogeneity may be associated with(More)
Mutations in ABCA1, a member of the ATP-binding cassette family, have been shown to underlie Tangier disease (TD) and familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia (FHA), which are genetic disorders that are characterized by depressed concentrations of plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. An important question is whether common variants within the coding(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) is characterized by the accumulation of proteinase K (PK)-resistant prion protein fragments (PrP(sc)) of approximately 7 to 15 kd in the brain. Purified GSS amyloid is composed primarily of approximately 7-kd PrP peptides, whose N terminus corresponds to residues W(81) and G(88) to G(90) in patients with the(More)
The prion protein (PrP) plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of a group of sporadic, genetically determined and infectious fatal degenerative diseases, referred to as "prion diseases", affecting the central nervous system of humans and other mammals. The cellular PrP is encoded by a single copy gene, highly conserved across mammalian species. In(More)
We present two patients with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), one from a previously undescribed kindred and one from the Canadian branch of a previously reported British kindred. In both patients, GSS is caused by a substitution of thymine for cytosine at codon 102 of the prion protein gene (PRNP). In each patient, we confirmed the clinical(More)
Antibodies to the prion protein (PrP) have been critical to the neuropathological and biochemical characterization of PrP-related degenerative diseases in humans and animals. Although PrP is highly conserved evolutionarily, there is some sequence divergence among species; as a consequence, anti-PrP antibodies have a wide spectrum of reactivity (from strong(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies suggest that ovarian volume and antral follicle counts (AFCs) may be useful indicators of menopause status. In this study, we examined several sonographic and endocrine markers of ovarian aging for their ability to discriminate between premenopausal and late menopausal transition (LMT) status. METHODS A total of 40 women aged 40(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) system plays a regulatory role in a number of cognitive processes. Cholinesterase inhibitors (i.e., galantamine) that potentiate cholinergic neurotransmission improve cognitive function in Alzheimer’s disease (AD); however, the relationship between these effects and associated changes in nAChRs are yet to be(More)