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The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of lateral tunnel (LT) and extracardiac conduit (ECC) Fontan procedures at a single institution. From April 1995 to December 2006, 165 Fontan procedures were performed (67 LT, 98 ECC). Pre-, intra- and postoperative variable values were compared between two different techniques. Operative mortality was 5(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to present computed tomographic (CT) findings of generalized lymphangiomatosis in young adults that was at first misdiagnosed with malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the clinical and radiological findings of three young adults who had histologically confirmed generalized lymphangiomatosis. RESULTS Bony lesions were(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the long-term results of the Cox-Maze III procedure (CM-III) for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with rheumatic mitral valve (MV) disease. METHODS We analyzed 127 patients who underwent the CM-III combined with a rheumatic MV procedure between 1994 and 2004. In-hospital mortalities were excluded from the study. (More)
In the present study, the authors investigated the management of mechanical valve thrombosis (MVT). From January 1981 through March 2006, 2,908 mechanical valve replacements were performed in 2,298 patients at our institution. Twenty (0.87%) patients presented with MVT, 14 (70.0%) were women, and the mean age of the patients was 42.0+/-14.0 (27-66) yr.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Nitric oxide (NO) is a major endothelium dependent vasomediator and growth inhibitor. NO synthesis is catalyzed by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and NO can also produce peroxynitrite, which activates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The purpose of this study was to determine the gene expression of eNOS and MMP-2 in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Vascular wall remodeling in pulmonary hypertension can be caused by an aberration in the normal balance between proliferation and apoptosis of endothelial cell in the pulmonary artery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of bosentan on apoptosis in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension. MATERIALS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Endothelin (ET)-1, a potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide, has a potential pathophysiologic role in pulmonary hypertension. Bosentan, a dual ET receptor (ET(A)/ET(B)) antagonist, is efficacious in treatment of pulmonary hypertension. The objectives of this study were to investigate the expression of ET-1 and ET(More)
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) causes right ventricular failure and possibly even death by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell therapy has provided an alternative treatment for ailments of various organs by promoting cell regeneration at the site of pathology. The purpose of this study was(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with structural alterations of lung vasculature. PAH is still a devastating disease needing an aggressive therapeutic approach. Despite the therapeutic potential of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the molecular parameters to define the stemness remain largely unknown. Using high-density(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Simvastatin's properties are suggestive of a potential pathophysiologic role in pulmonary hypertension. The objectives of this study were to investigate changes of pulmonary pathology and gene expressions, including endothelin (ET)-1, endothelin receptor A (ERA), inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2), endothelial nitric oxide(More)