Kvar C. L. Black

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Host control mechanisms are thought to be critical for selecting against cheater mutants in symbiont populations. Here, we provide the first experimental test of a legume host's ability to constrain the infection and proliferation of a native-occurring rhizobial cheater. Lotus strigosus hosts were experimentally inoculated with pairs of Bradyrhizobium(More)
The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF-1alpha) plays a central role in tumor development. PX-478 is an experimental anti-cancer drug known to inhibit HIF-1alpha in experimental tumors. The purpose of this study was to identify MRS-visible metabolic biomarkers for PX-478 response prior to phase I/II clinical trials. Single-voxel in vivo localized(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide has been evaluated in 15 patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing high-dose chemotherapy with alkylating agents followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. Each patient received two courses of chemotherapy: 4 g/m2 of cyclophosphamide by 90-min infusion prior to peripheral blood progenitor cell(More)
Gold nanohexapods represent a novel class of optically tunable nanostructures consisting of an octahedral core and six arms grown on its vertices. By controlling the length of the arms, their localized surface plasmon resonance peaks could be tuned from the visible to the near-infrared region for deep penetration of light into soft tissues. Herein we(More)
With Au nanocages as an example, we recently demonstrated that radioactive (198)Au could be incorporated into the crystal lattice of Au nanostructures for simple and reliable quantification of their in vivo biodistribution by measuring the γ radiation from (198)Au decay and for optical imaging by detecting the Cerenkov radiation. Here we extend the(More)
Solid tumors become acidic due to hypoxia and upregulated glycolysis. We have hypothesized that this acidosis leads to more aggressive invasive behavior during carcinogenesis (Nature Reviews Cancer 4:891–899, 2004). Previous work on this subject has shown mixed results. While some have observed an induction of metastasis and invasion with acid treatments,(More)
Here, we present a novel technique to immobilize magnetic particles onto whole Gluconobacter oxydans in situ via a synthetic adhesive biomimetic material inspired by the protein glues of marine mussels. Our approach involves simple coating of a cell adherent polydopamine film onto magnetic nanoparticles, followed by conjugation of the polydopamine-coated(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide and 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide/aldophosphamide has been evaluated in 12 patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplantation. Each patient received an initial dose of 4 g/m2 of cyclophosphamide over 90 min to prime peripheral blood progenitor cells (the first(More)
Molecularly targeted gold nanorods were investigated for applications in both diagnostic imaging and disease treatment with cellular resolution. The nanorods were tested in two genetically engineered cell lines derived from the human colon carcinoma HCT-116, a model for studying ligand-receptor interactions. One of these lines was modified to express delta(More)
AIM A novel biomimetic strategy was employed for presenting antibodies on gold nanorods (NRs) to target growth factor receptors on cancer cells for use in photothermal therapy. MATERIALS & METHODS Polydopamine (PD) was polymerized onto gold NRs, and EGF receptor antibodies (anti-EGFR) were immobilized onto the layer. Cell-binding affinity and(More)