Kutzy Arriaga

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Mycobacteria are ubiquitous in the environment, but they are not part of the normal human microbial flora. It has been suggested that variable contact with mycobacteria can influence susceptibility to mycobacterial pathogens and the efficacy of subsequent Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination. To test this, mice were immunized with high or low doses of an(More)
A mouse model of pulmonary tuberculosis induced by the intratracheal instillation of live and virulent mycobacteria strain H37-Rv was used to examine the relationship of the histopathological findings with the local kinetics production and cellular distribution of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and transforming(More)
In sites of inflammation there is a change in the equilibrium between the enzymes that inactivate cortisol by conversion to cortisone and those that reactivate cortisone by conversion to cortisol. Current evidence suggests that during an immune response with a Type 1 cytokine profile such as tuberculosis, there is locally enhanced reductase activity with(More)
A third of the world population is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and many cases of active tuberculosis arise from latent bacilli reactivation. Thus, it is important to design new vaccines to prevent reactivation. Using an experimental model of chronic tuberculosis in B6D2F1 mice, we observed constant expression of Rv1759c antigen, a(More)
BB-94 (batimastat) is a broad- spectrum hydroxamic acid-based zinc metalloproteinase inhibitor that inhibits both the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and members of the ADAM family of enzymes such as Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha Cleaving Enzyme (TACE). These enzymes are involved in the regulation of inflammatory processes in tuberculosis. Balb/c mice(More)
In Balb/c mice with pulmonary tuberculosis, there is a switch from a protective Th1-dominated cytokine profile to a non-protective profile with a Th2 component. This switch occurs while the adrenals are undergoing marked hyperplasia. Treatment with the anti-glucocorticoid hormones dehydroepiandrosterone or 3 beta, 17 beta-androstenediol, during the period(More)
Immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis requires a T helper 1 (Th1) cytokine balance accompanied by tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and activated macrophages. These facets of the immune response are sensitive to suppression by glucocorticoids (GC), which can reactivate and exacerbate tuberculosis in man and animals. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)(More)
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