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A variational level set method is developed for the supervised classification problem. Nonlinear classifier decision boundaries are obtained by minimizing an energy functional that is composed of an empirical risk term with a margin-based loss and a geometric regularization term new to machine learning: the surface area of the decision boundary. This(More)
Matrix factorization from a small number of observed entries has recently garnered much attention as the key ingredient of successful recommendation systems. One unresolved problem in this area is how to adapt current methods to handle changing user preferences over time. Recent proposals to address this issue are heuristic in nature and do not fully(More)
Satellite imagery is a form of big data that can be harnessed for many social good applications, especially those focusing on rural areas. In this article, we describe the common problem of selecting sites for and planning rural development activities as informed by remote sensing and satellite image analysis. Effective planning in poor rural areas benefits(More)
Computational creativity and cognitive computing are distinct fields that have developed in a parallel fashion. In this paper, we examine the relationship between the two, concluding that the two fields overlap in one precise way: the evaluation or assessment of artifacts with respect to creativity. Furthermore, we discuss a particular instance of(More)
In this paper, Bayesian hypothesis testing is investigated when the prior probabilities of the hypotheses, taken as a random vector, are quantized. Nearest neighbor and centroid conditions are derived using mean Bayes risk error (MBRE) as a distortion measure for quantization. A high-resolution approximation to the distortion-rate function is also obtained.(More)
This article presents a survey of recent research on sparsity-driven synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging. In particular, it reviews 1) the analysis and synthesis-based sparse signal representation formulations for SAR image formation together with the associated imaging results, 2) sparsity-based methods for wide-angle SAR imaging and anisotropy(More)
We propose a new algorithm for estimation, prediction, and recommendation named the collaborative Kalman filter. Suited for use in collaborative filtering settings encountered in recommendation systems with significant temporal dynamics in user preferences, the approach extends probabilistic matrix factorization in time through a state-space model. This(More)
We describe a quantitative analytics and optimization methodology designed to improve the efficiency and productivity of the IBM global sales force. This methodology is implemented and deployed via three company-wide initiatives, namely the Growth and Performance (GAP) program, the Territory Optimization Program (TOP), and the Coverage Optimization with(More)
For companies with large sales forces whose sellers approach business clients in teams, the problem of allocating sales teams to sales opportunities is a critical management task for maximizing the revenue and profit of the company. We approach this problem via predictive and prescriptive analytics, where the former involves data mining to learn the(More)
Non-discrimination is a recognized objective in algorithmic decision making. In this paper, we introduce a novel probabilistic formulation of data pre-processing for reducing discrimination. We propose a convex optimization for learning a data transformation with three goals: controlling discrimination, limiting distortion in individual data samples, and(More)