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The oncogenic nucleoporin CAN/Nup214 is essential in vertebrate cells. Its depletion results in defective nuclear protein import, inhibition of messenger RNA export and cell cycle arrest. We recently found that CAN associates with proteins of 88 and 112 kDa, which we have now cloned and characterized. The 88 kDa protein is a novel nuclear pore complex (NPC)(More)
The movement of anionic porphyrins (for example, haem) across intracellular membranes is crucial to many biological processes, but their mitochondrial translocation and coordination with haem biosynthesis is not understood. Transport of porphyrins into isolated mitochondria is energy-dependent, as expected for the movement of anions into a negatively(More)
Pantothenate kinase (PanK) is thought to catalyze the first rate-limiting step in CoA biosynthesis. The full-length cDNA encoding the human PanK1alpha protein was isolated, and the complete human PANK1 gene structure was determined. Bezafibrate (BF), a hypolipidemic drug and a peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) agonist,(More)
The transmission of avian H5N1 influenza viruses to 18 humans in Hong Kong in 1997 with six deaths established that avian influenza viruses can transmit to and cause lethal infection in humans. This report characterizes the antigenic and biological properties of the H5N1 influenza viruses isolated from chickens, ducks, and geese from farms and poultry(More)
Ebola virus causes hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates, resulting in mortality rates of up to 90%. Studies of this virus have been hampered by its extraordinary pathogenicity, which requires biosafety level 4 containment. To circumvent this problem, we developed a novel complementation system for functional analysis of Ebola virus(More)
To elucidate molecular mechanism(s) of cellular response to mercaptopurine, a widely used antileukemic agent, we assessed mercaptopurine (MP) sensitivity in mismatch repair (MMR) proficient and MMR deficient human acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. Sensitivity to thiopurine cytotoxicity was not dependent on MMR (i.e., MutSalpha) competence among six(More)
Previous morphological and biochemical studies have suggested that actin and actin-containing filaments (microfilaments) exist in the eukaryotic nucleus and that they perform important nuclear functions. However, the concept is not widely accepted. In this study, we demonstrate actin and bundles of actin in the nuclei of oocytes of Rana temporaria by(More)
The development of viral resistance to the neuraminidase (NA) inhibitor, 4-guanidino-Neu5Ac2en, of influenza viruses was studied by serial passage of A/Turkey/Minnesota/833/80 (H4N2) in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells in the presence of increasing concentrations of inhibitor. Resistant mutants selected after eight passages, had a 10,000-fold reduction in(More)
Using a method for obtaining DNA from 10 to 40 macronuclei for electron microscopy, we analyzed the structure of gene-sized, linear DNA molecules from S-phase macronuclei of two hypotrichous ciliates, Euplotes eurystomus and Styx sp. Three types of putative replicating intermediates were observed: (i) molecules with a bubble close to one end, (ii) molecules(More)