Learn More
The transmission of avian H5N1 influenza viruses to 18 humans in Hong Kong in 1997 with six deaths established that avian influenza viruses can transmit to and cause lethal infection in humans. This report characterizes the antigenic and biological properties of the H5N1 influenza viruses isolated from chickens, ducks, and geese from farms and poultry(More)
The movement of anionic porphyrins (for example, haem) across intracellular membranes is crucial to many biological processes, but their mitochondrial translocation and coordination with haem biosynthesis is not understood. Transport of porphyrins into isolated mitochondria is energy-dependent, as expected for the movement of anions into a negatively(More)
Previous morphological and biochemical studies have suggested that actin and actin-containing filaments (microfilaments) exist in the eukaryotic nucleus and that they perform important nuclear functions. However, the concept is not widely accepted. In this study, we demonstrate actin and bundles of actin in the nuclei of oocytes of Rana temporaria by(More)
The N terminus of the matrix (M) protein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and of other rhabdoviruses contains a highly conserved PPPY sequence (or PY motif) similar to the late (L) domains in the Gag proteins of some retroviruses. These L domains in retroviral Gag proteins are required for efficient release of virus particles. In this report, we show(More)
To determine the cellular basis for the excellent clinical outcome of hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), defined by a modal chromosome number of 51 to 65, we assessed the growth potential of leukemic cells from 129 children with newly diagnosed ALL. Flow cytometric analysis was used to compare leukemic cell recoveries at the beginning and at(More)
The paramyxovirus nucleoproteins (NPs) encapsidate the genomic RNA into nucleocapsids, which are then incorporated into virus particles. We determined the protein-protein interaction between NP molecules and the molecular mechanism required for incorporating nucleocapsids into virions in two closely related viruses, human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1)(More)
The progressive cytoskeletal alterations of frog virus 3-infected baby hamster kidney (BHK) and fathead minnow (FHM) cells were studied by immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. The virus assembly sites, which contain viral genomes and viral proteins, were detected in the cytoplasm at 4 h (FHM) or 6 h (BHK) and mature virions appeared 2 h later. When(More)
Skeletal muscle differentiation consists of an ordered withdrawal of committed cells from the cell cycle and their fusion to form multinucleated myotubes. To determine if differentiation of malignant myoblasts paral lels that of normal skeletal muscle, a cell line (Rh28) was established from an alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Rh28 displays a constant popula tion(More)
New measurements of acoustical transmission through the eustachian tube (ET) have been obtained in a series of experiments directed toward the development of a clinical instrument to assess ET function behind an intact tympanic membrane (TM). Using a sound conduction method, a sound source was placed in one nostril, and the acoustical energy that was(More)
Three groups of oocytes in the human antral follicules were previously distinguished on the basis of nuclear structures arrangement and 3H-uridine incorporation in the oocyte nuclei revealed by ultrastructural and autoradiographic research (Parfenov et al., 1984, 1989). These groups can be regarded as consecutive states of oocyte development, i. e. active,(More)
  • 1