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The hemicellulose xylan constitutes a major portion of plant biomass, a renewable feedstock available for conversion to biofuels and other bioproducts. β-xylosidase operates in the deconstruction of the polysaccharide to fermentable sugars. Glycoside hydrolase family 43 is recognized as a source of highly active β-xylosidases, some of which could have(More)
Directed evolution of β-xylosidase XylBH43 using a single round of gene shuffling identified three mutations, R45K, M69P, and L186Y, that affect thermal stability parameter K t 0.5 by −1.8 ± 0.1, 1.7 ± 0.3, and 3.2 ± 0.4 °C, respectively. In addition, a cluster of four mutations near hairpin loop-D83 improved K t 0.5 by ~3 °C; none of the individual amino(More)
Hemicelluloses represent a large reservoir of carbohydrates that can be utilized for renewable products. Hydrolysis of hemicellulose into simple sugars is inhibited by its various chemical substituents. The glucuronic acid substituent is removed by the enzyme α-glucuronidase. A gene (deg75-AG) encoding a putative α-glucuronidase enzyme was isolated from a(More)
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