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Solid state 13C magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectra are typically referenced externally using a probe which does not incorporate a field frequency lock. Solution NMR shifts on the other hand are more often determined with respect to an internal reference and using a deuterium based field frequency lock. Further differences arise in solution NMR of(More)
A new indirect detection scheme for obtaining (15)N/(1)H shift correlation spectra in crystalline proteins is described. Excellent water suppression is achieved without the need for pulsed field gradients, and using only a 2-step phase cycle. Careful attention to overall NMR instrument stability was found critical for obtaining the best resolution and(More)
A new solid-state NMR method is described for obtaining long-range distance constraints in nanocrystalline samples of 13C-, 15N-, and 2H-enriched protein. The method selects only those 13C or 15N nuclei close to 1Hs for dipolar recoupling. When used with extensive deuteration, the bath of abundant 13C spins is made to appear dilute. Contacts over 4.5 A are(More)
Hepatitis delta virus ribozymes have been proposed to perform self-cleavage via a general acid/base mechanism involving an active-site cytosine, based on evidence from both a crystal structure of the cleavage product and kinetic measurements. To determine whether this cytosine (C75) in the genomic ribozyme has an altered pK(a) consistent with its role as a(More)
Solid-state NMR 2D spectroscopy was used to correlate carbon backbone and side-chain chemical shifts for uniformly (13)C,(15)N-enriched microcrystalline ubiquitin. High applied field strengths, 800 MHz for protons, moderate proton decoupling fields, 80-100 kHz, and high magic angle sample spinning frequencies, 20 kHz, were used to narrow the most of the(More)
The limits of resolution that can be obtained in 1H-15N 2D NMR spectroscopy of isotopically enriched nanocrystalline proteins are explored. Combinations of frequency switched Lee-Goldburg (FSLG) decoupling, fast magic angle sample spinning (MAS), and isotopic dilution via deuteration are investigated as methods for narrowing the amide 1H resonances.(More)
Preparation of proteins in their crystalline state has been found to be important in producing stable therapeutic protein formulations, cross-linked enzyme crystals for application in industrial processes, generating novel porous media for separations, and of course in structure elucidation. Of these applications only X-ray crystallography requires large(More)
(13)C CPMAS NMR has been investigated in application to protein samples with a variety of deuteration patterns. Samples were prepared with protons in either all hydrogen positions, only in the exchangeable sites, or in the exchangeable sites plus select methyl groups. CP dynamics, T(1) relaxation times, and (13)C line widths have been compared. Using(More)
IUPAC has published a number of recommendations regarding the reporting of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data, especially chemical shifts. The most recent publication [Pure Appl. Chem. 73, 1795 (2001)] recommended that tetramethylsilane (TMS) serve as a universal reference for reporting the shifts of all nuclides, but it deferred recommendations for(More)
We demonstrate that high-resolution multidimensional solid state NMR methods can be used to correlate many backbone and side chain chemical shifts for hydrated micro-crystalline U-13C,15N Basic Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (BPTI), using a field strength of 800 MHz for protons, magic angle sample spinning rates of 20 kHz and proton decoupling field strengths(More)