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Transgenic mice overexpressing different forms of amyloid precursor protein (APP), i.e. wild type or clinical mutants, displayed an essentially comparable early phenotype in terms of behavior, differential glutamatergic responses, deficits in maintenance of long term potentiation, and premature death. The cognitive impairment, demonstrated in F1 hybrids of(More)
Mutations in the human tau gene cause frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. Some mutations, including mutations in intron 10, induce increased levels of the functionally normal four-repeat tau protein isoform, leading to neurodegeneration. We generated transgenic mice that overexpress the four-repeat human tau protein isoform(More)
In the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, neurotoxic amyloid peptides accumulate and are deposited as senile plaques. A major therapeutic strategy aims to decrease production of amyloid peptides by inhibition of gamma-secretase. Presenilins are polytopic transmembrane proteins that are essential for gamma-secretase activity during development and(More)
Protein tau filaments in brain of patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, and other tauopathies consist of protein tau that is hyperphosphorylated. The responsible kinases operating in vivo in neurons still need to be identified. Here we demonstrate that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is an effective kinase for(More)
One of the landmarks of Alzheimer's disease are neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in the brain. NFT mainly consist of a hyperphosphorylated form of the protein tau, which is responsible for stabilisation of the neuronal cytoskeleton by microtubule binding and is unable to function properly in its hyperphosphorylated form. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta(More)
Epidemiological studies have established that the epsilon 4 allele of the ApoE gene (ApoE4) constitutes an important risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and might influence the outcome of central nervous system injury. The mechanism by which ApoE4 contributes to the development of neurodegeneration remains unknown. To test one hypothesis or mode of action(More)
We investigated whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) could be involved in the modulation of the amyloid cascade causing Alzheimer's disease. Inducing expression or activating PPARgamma using synthetic agonists of the thiazolinedione family results in a dramatic decrease in the levels of the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide in the(More)
A methanolic extract of 350,000 adult grey fleshflies Neobellieria bullata, was prepared and screened for myotropic activity. After fractionation on the first column, all fractions were screened in two heterologous (Locusta oviduct and Leucophaea hindgut) and one homologous (Neobellieria hindgut) myotropic bioassay. We here report the purification of one(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is important in neurogenesis. Here we demonstrate that the kinase influenced post-natal maturation and differentiation of neurons in vivo in transgenic mice that overexpress a constitutively active GSK-3beta[S9A]. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a reduced volume of the entire brain, concordant with a nearly 20%(More)
Presenilin 1 (PS1) interacts with telencephalin (TLN) and the amyloid precursor protein via their transmembrane domain (Annaert, W.G., C. Esselens, V. Baert, C. Boeve, G. Snellings, P. Cupers, K. Craessaerts, and B. De Strooper. 2001. Neuron. 32:579-589). Here, we demonstrate that TLN is not a substrate for gamma-secretase cleavage, but displays a prolonged(More)