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The Autonomy and Robotics Area (ARA) at NASA Ames Research Center has investigated the use of various types of Virtual Reality-based operator interfaces to remotely control complex robotic mechanisms. In this paper, we describe the major accomplishments and technology applications of the ARA in this area, and highlight the advantages and issues related to(More)
In 2006, we used the U.S. Coast Guard's Automatic Identification System (AIS) to describe patterns of large commercial ship traffic within a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary located off the coast of Massachusetts. We found that 541 large commercial vessels transited the greater sanctuary 3413 times during the year. Cargo ships, tankers, and tug/tows(More)
Autonomous planetary rovers operating in vast unknown environments must operate efficiently because of size, power and computing limitations. Recently, we have developed a rover capable of efficient obstacle avoidance and path planning. The rover uses binocular stereo vision to sense potentially cluttered outdoor environments. Navigation is performed by a(More)
In an ongoing series of field experiments, the Ames Marsokhod rover is deployed to remote locations and operated by scientists in simulated planetary explorations. These experiments provide insight both for scientists preparing for real planetary surface exploration and for robotics researchers. In this paper we will provide an overview of our work with the(More)
What does the marine Automatic Identification System (AIS) vessel tracking mean for mariners at sea and operations staff on shore during emergency response operations? Real-time AIS and e-Navigation related technologies enable closer coordination between all involved parties. Recorded historical AIS data give insight into what occurred before, during, and(More)
Whale-ship strikes are of growing worldwide concern due to the steady growth of commercial shipping. Improving the current situation involves the creation of a communication capability allowing whale position information to be estimated and exchanged among vessels and other observation assets. An early example of such a system has been implemented for the(More)
GeoCoastPilot is a research software application built to explore techniques for simplifying access to the navigation information a mariner needs prior to entering or leaving a port. GeoCoastPilot is intended to demonstrate what is possible with current technology and to facilitate technology transfer. We started with the question, " What might a digital(More)
Date ii DEDICATION To my wife Gretchen iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to foremost express my gratitude to my advisor, Colin Ware, for his guidance and support throughout my research. His invaluable insight focused me on what was important, and his imagination on what was possible. Many of the major ideas embodied in this work originated from discussions(More)