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The Autonomy and Robotics Area (ARA) at NASA Ames Research Center has investigated the use of various types of Virtual Reality-based operator interfaces to remotely control complex robotic mechanisms. In this paper, we describe the major accomplishments and technology applications of the ARA in this area, and highlight the advantages and issues related to(More)
In 2006, we used the U.S. Coast Guard's Automatic Identification System (AIS) to describe patterns of large commercial ship traffic within a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary located off the coast of Massachusetts. We found that 541 large commercial vessels transited the greater sanctuary 3413 times during the year. Cargo ships, tankers, and tug/tows(More)
Autonomous planetary rovers operating in vast unknown environments must operate efficiently because of size, power and computing limitations. Recently, we have developed a rover capable of efficient obstacle avoidance and path planning. The rover uses binocular stereo vision to sense potentially cluttered outdoor environments. Navigation is performed by a(More)
In an ongoing series of field experiments, the Ames Marsokhod rover is deployed to remote locations and operated by scientists in simulated planetary explorations. These experiments provide insight both for scientists preparing for real planetary surface exploration and for robotics researchers. In this paper we will provide an overview of our work with the(More)
What does the marine Automatic Identification System (AIS) vessel tracking mean for mariners at sea and operations staff on shore during emergency response operations? Real-time AIS and e-Navigation related technologies enable closer coordination between all involved parties. Recorded historical AIS data give insight into what occurred before, during, and(More)
One of the challenges of visualization software design is providing real-time tools capable of concurrently displaying data that varies temporally and in scale from kilometers to micrometers, such as the data prevalent in planetary exploration and deep-sea marine research. The Viz software developed by NASA Ames and the additions of the X-Core extensions(More)
Whale-ship strikes are of growing worldwide concern due to the steady growth of commercial shipping. Improving the current situation involves the creation of a communication capability allowing whale position information to be estimated and exchanged among vessels and other observation assets. An early example of such a system has been implemented for the(More)
The field of seismic exploration of the Earth has changed dramatically over the last half a century. The Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) has worked to create standards to store the vast amounts of seismic data in a way that will be portable across computer architectures. However, it has been impossible to predict the needs of the immense range of(More)