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Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) may be involved in the biotransformation of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), and the inactivation of ALDH2 by GTN may contribute to the phenomenon of nitrate tolerance. We studied the GTN-induced inactivation of ALDH2 by UV/visible absorption spectroscopy. Dehydrogenation of acetaldehyde and hydrolysis of(More)
  • Tim Gilbert, Mph Jeff, Smith Ms, Mike Bradley, Dvm Mph, Kathy Graves +125 others
  • 2011
Through adaptation, negative health effects can be prevented. the village of Point Hope enjoys one of the finest locations in Alaska for the harvest of subsistence resources, including fish, marine mammals, birds and caribou. This amazing place has allowed the Inupiat of Point Hope to flourish for centuries, and it is one of the oldest continuously occupied(More)
The specific, acute interaction of tolperisone, an agent used as a muscle relaxant and for the treatment of chronic pain conditions, with the Na(v1.2), Na(v1.3), Na(v1.4), Na(v1.5), Na(v1.6), Na(v1.7), and Na(v1.8) isoforms of voltage dependent sodium channels was investigated and compared to that of lidocaine. Voltage dependent sodium channels were(More)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) contributes to vascular bioactivation of the antianginal drugs nitroglycerin (GTN) and pentaerythrityl tetranitrate (PETN), resulting in cGMP-mediated vasodilation. Although continuous treatment with GTN results in the loss of efficacy that is presumably caused by inactivation of ALDH2, PETN does not induce(More)
Signal transduction via the endothelial receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) plays a key role in vascular inflammation. Recent observations have shown that the myeloperoxidase-H2O2-chloride system of activated phagocytes is highly up-regulated under inflammatory conditions where hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is formed as the major oxidant.(More)
Metabolism of nitroglycerin (GTN) to 1,2-glycerol dinitrate (GDN) and nitrite by mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) is essentially involved in GTN bioactivation resulting in cyclic GMP-mediated vascular relaxation. The link between nitrite formation and activation of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is still unclear. To test the hypothesis that the(More)
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were established as in vitro models for the modulation of endothelial function and cell viability by statins. Emphasis was placed on the biphasic effects of the drugs on nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and cytotoxicity, as well as drug interference with the interaction of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) with(More)
The influence of several imidazolines and sigma-site ligands on cation influx through the 5-HT3 receptor channel in N1E-115 mouse neuroblastoma cells was studied by measuring the 2-min influx of the organic cation [14C] guanidinium induced by 1 microM 5-HT (in the presence of 10 microM substance P in all experiments). In addition, we determined specific(More)
We describe the characterization of a gene for mild nonsyndromic autosomal recessive intellectual disability (ID) in two unrelated families, one from Austria, the other from Pakistan. Genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism microarray analysis enabled us to define a region of homozygosity by descent on chromosome 17q25. Whole-exome sequencing and(More)