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BACKGROUND Recent studies showed a significant upregulation of distinct microRNAs (miRNAs) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The objective of this study was to explore whether this upregulation could also be assigned to distinct histomorphological variants of PTC, especially the follicular variant and other encapsulated follicular thyroid tumours. (More)
Histological and immunohistochemical findings in 20 cases of frontotemporal dementias-8 cases of dementia of frontal lobe type (DFT), 7 cases of Pick's disease (PD), and 5 cases of motor neuron disease with dementia (MND/D)-are presented. Common features of all three syndromes were: frontotemporal atrophy, involvement of subcortical nuclei, and swollen(More)
The presence and distribution of apoptotic cell death in multiple system atrophy (MSA) and morphologically related diseases were investigated by means of a modified terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling method, comparing their distribution with that of glial cytoplasmic inclusions, immunohistochemically demonstrated bcl-2 protein,(More)
Leukocytes with ring-shaped nuclei (ring cells) are present in bone marrow (BM; approximately 50% of BM cells), in peripheral blood (PB), and in inflammatory infiltrates of mice, but also in humans during myeloproliferative disorders. They are usually referred to as polymorphonuclear cells (PMN), but we demonstrate that they additionally encompass different(More)
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are used to "bridge" patients with end-stage heart failure until transplantation of a donor heart can be performed ("bridge to transplantation"). However, in a subset of patients, support by LVAD sporadically results in improved cardiac function, with heart transplantation no longer necessary even after removal of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates multiple cellular processes including growth, differentiation, adhesion, motility and apoptosis. In breast carcinoma, FAK overexpression has been linked to cancer progression but the prognostic relevance remains unknown. In particular, with regard to lymph node-negative breast cancer it is important to(More)
The chimeric monoclonal antibody rituximab is the standard of care for patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). Rituximab mediates complement-dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity of CD20-positive human B cells. In addition, rituximab sensitizes B-NHL cells to cytotoxic chemotherapy and has direct apoptotic and(More)
The bcl-2 gene encodes for a mitochondrial membrane proto-oncoprotein, the expression of which is known to suppress programmed cell death (apoptosis). In the present study the prognostic value of bcl-2 proto-oncoprotein was immunohistochemically investigated in a series of 104 colorectal carcinomas. The bcl-2 staining patterns were semiquantitatively(More)
Variants of the multidrug resistance gene (MDR1/ABCB1) have been associated with increased susceptibility to severe ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, we investigated the role of TLR/IL-1R signaling pathways including the common adaptor MyD88 in the pathogenesis of chronic colonic inflammation in MDR1A deficiency. Double- or triple-null mice lacking(More)
BACKGROUND For the clinical management of adrenocortical neoplasms it is crucial to correctly distinguish between benign and malignant tumours. Even histomorphologically based scoring systems do not allow precise separation in single lesions, thus novel parameters are desired which offer a more accurate differentiation. The tremendous potential of microRNAs(More)