Kurt R. Gregor

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The signal-inducible phosphorylation of serines 32 and 36 of I kappa B alpha is critical in regulating the subsequent ubiquitination and proteolysis of I kappa B alpha, which then releases NF-kappa B to promote gene transcription. The multisubunit I kappa B kinase responsible for this phosphorylation contains two catalytic subunits, termed I kappa B kinase(More)
We have recently identified BMS-345541 (1) as a highly selective and potent inhibitor of IKK-2 (IC50 = 0.30 microM), which however was considerably less potent against IKK-1 (IC50 = 4.0 microM). In order to further explore the SAR around the imidazoquinoxaline tricyclic structure of 1, we prepared a series of tetracyclic analogues (7, 13, and 18). The(More)
It has previously been shown that BMS-345541 [4(2'-aminoethyl)amino-1,8-dimethylimidazo(1,2-a)quinoxaline], a highly-selective inhibitor of IkappaB kinase (IKK), blocks both inflammation and joint destruction in murine collagen-induced arthritis. Although this agent has been shown to inhibit nuclear factor-kappaB-dependent cytokine expression in mice, we(More)
1. Radioimmunoassay of the opiate, beta-endorphin, in mouse sera, indirect measurement of estrogen by examination of vaginal smears and indirect measurement of androgens by electrophoresis of major urinary proteins (MUP) revealed that beta-endorphin increases while estrogen and androgen levels decrease in mice with chronic Schistosoma mansoni infection. 2.(More)
We have previously shown that inhibitors of I B kinase (IKK ), including 4(2 -aminoethyl)amino-1,8-dimethylimidazo(1,2a)quinoxaline (BMS-345541), are efficacious against experimental arthritis in rodents. In our efforts to identify an analog as a clinical candidate for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, we have discovered the potent and(More)
Treatment with dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dBcAMP) of the human, premonocytic U937 cell line results in differentiation toward a monocyte/granulocyte-like cell. This differentiation enables the cell to activate cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) to release arachidonate upon stimulation. In contrast, undifferentiated cells are unable to release arachidonate even(More)
Twenty-four hydrophobic dicarboxylic acids are described which were evaluated as inhibitors of 14 kDa human platelet phospholipase A2 (HP-PLA2). In general, biarylacetic acid derivatives were found to be more active than biaryl acids or biarylpropanoic acids. More potent inhibitors were obtained when hydrophobic groups were attached to the biaryl acid(More)
We have previously shown that inhibitors of IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta), including 4(2'-aminoethyl)amino-1,8-dimethylimidazo(1,2-a)quinoxaline (BMS-345541), are efficacious against experimental arthritis in rodents. In our efforts to identify an analog as a clinical candidate for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, we have discovered(More)
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a potent lipid mediator of inflammation and is involved in the receptor-mediated activation of a number of leukocyte responses including degranulation, superoxide formation, and chemotaxis. In the present research, stimulation of unprimed polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) with LTB4 results in the transient release of(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) hydrolyzes the sn-2 ester of phospholipids and is believed to be responsible for the receptor-regulated release of arachidonic acid from phospholipid pools. The enzyme was assayed using vesicles containing arachidonate-containing phospholipid substrate, such as 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoylphosphatidylcholine (PAPC) or(More)