Kurt P. Bottjer

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The cuticle of Haemonchus contortus, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Trichostrongylus colubriformis contained N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetylglucosamine, based on the binding of fluorescein-labelled lectins. Binding of the lectins varied between the sexes and body regions of the nematodes. Treatment of male T. colubriformis with the lectin Lens(More)
Crystalline toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis and B.t. kurstaki were lethal in vitro to eggs of the nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis. The LD50 values for the two toxins were 0.38 ng and 37.5 micrograms total protein/ml, respectively. After 1 week at ambient temperature, the LD50 of B.t. kurstaki decreased to less than 4 micrograms/ml.(More)
A toxin from crystals of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis was lethal in vitro to eggs of the ruminant nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis, with an LD50 of 1.8 ng/ml. Larval viability declined after a 2-hr exposure to B. t. israelensis and was dependent on the development period of eggs prior to exposure. Alkaline solubilization suggested that the(More)
Bioassay of media fractions from cultivation of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis revealed that ovicidal activity for eggs of the ruminant nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis was found in microbial crystals, but was not released into culture medium. The purified delta-endotoxin of B. t. israelensis, composed of two 25 kDa proteins, had no effect on(More)
A toxin from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis is lethal to nematode eggs. Exposure of eggs of the ruminant nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis to the toxin significantly increased the eggs' permeability to radiolabeled phenylalanine within 2 hr. Calcium chloride inhibited the toxin-induced change in egg permeability. Iodine staining of(More)
The azasteroid, 25-azacoprostane (ASA-6), was evaluated for its effects on the growth, development and reproduction of the free-living nematodes, Caenorhabditis briggsae and Panagrellus redivivus. The axenic culture medium for either species of nematode consisted of Caenorhabditis briggsae Maintenance Medium (CbMM): formalin-killed Escherichia coli (1:1)(More)
25-Azasteroids were evaluated for their effects on the growth and development of the free-living stages of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Nematospiroides dubius. Increasing the concentration of 25-azasteroids in axenic cultures of either species resulted in a decrease in the percentage and mean length of larvae that developed to the third stage.(More)
Trichostrongylus colubriformis ingested the fluorescent dye, Rhodamine B, while feeding in vivo and in vitro. Ingestion by females of T. colubriformis in vivo significantly exceeded that of males from 15 to 30 days of infection. However, the rate of ingestion declined linearly in both sexes as the helminths' age increased. Uptake of dye in vitro was(More)