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BACKGROUND Carotid endarterectomy is effective in stroke prevention for patients with severe symptomatic carotid-artery stenosis, and carotid-artery stenting has been widely used as alternative treatment. Since equivalence or superiority has not been convincingly shown for either treatment, we aimed to compare the two. METHODS 1200 patients with(More)
We reviewed the MRIs of 49 asymptomatic volunteers (age range, 31 to 77 years) and of 50 MS patients (age range, 14 to 63) for areas of increased signal (AIS) and features discriminating MS lesions from lesions seen with normal aging. We obtained optimal specificity of MRI interpretation (100%) if we required at least two of the following three AIS(More)
We studied 52 asymptomatic subjects using magnetic resonance imaging, and we compared age-matched groups (51-70 years old) with and without white matter lesions with respect to carotid ultrasonography, cerebral blood flow (xenon-133 injection), and cerebrovascular risk factors. In the group with white matter signal abnormalities, we noted a higher frequency(More)
A controlled randomized study of endoscopic evacuation versus medical treatment was performed in 100 patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral (subcortical, putaminal, and thalamic) hematomas. Patients with aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, brain tumors, or head injuries were excluded. Criteria for inclusion were as follows: patients' age(More)
The advent of new laboratory methods and noninvasive imaging modalities has extended the diagnostic possibilities in normal individuals. This article elaborates the new options for the assessment of stroke risk offered by these techniques. In this context we present the Austrian Stroke Prevention Study, which is the first prospective long-term investigation(More)
Mixed population studies suggest a relationship between deep and subcortical white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrovascular disease. To further clarify this issue we compared the prevalence and extent of such signal abnormalities between a group of 133 consecutive stroke patients (mean age, 54.7 +/- 16.7 years) and 101(More)
Neuroimaging techniques are necessary for the evaluation of stroke, one of the leading causes of death and neurological impairment in developed countries. The multiplicity of techniques available has increased the complexity of decision making for physicians. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature in English for the period 1965-2005 and(More)
Seventy-two patients with postischemic seizures were evaluated with electroencephalography (EEG), computerized tomography (CT) and neurosonography. There were 24% early-onset and 76% late-onset initial seizures. Early-onset seizure was more likely to be simple partial (53%), whereas late-onset seizure was more likely to be primarily generalized (56%). 76%(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage at the convexity of the brain (cSAH) is an incompletely characterized subtype of nonaneurysmal subarachnoid bleeding. This study sought to systematically describe the clinical presentation, etiology, and long-term outcome in patients with cSAH. METHODS For a 6-year period, we searched our(More)
To evaluate the role of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a] in patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD), lipid parameters were compared with a control group (CO). Additionally, the Lp(a) serum levels were investigated in a coronary artery disease (CAD) group. The CO was made up of 37 healthy persons (age: 54.5 +/- 7.7, 26 males and 11 females), the CVD group included(More)