Kurt Kristiansen

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The superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) could be subclassified into 7 families (A, B, large N-terminal family B-7 transmembrane helix, C, Frizzled/Smoothened, taste 2, and vomeronasal 1 receptors) among mammalian species. Cloning and functional studies of GPCRs have revealed that the superfamily of GPCRs comprises receptors for chemically(More)
The Phox and Bem1p (PB1) domain constitutes a recently recognized protein-protein interaction domain found in the atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) isoenzymes, lambda/iota- and zeta PKC; members of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) modules like MEK5, MEKK2, and MEKK3; and in several scaffold proteins involved in cellular signaling. Among the last(More)
5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) is a neurotransmitter essential for a large number of physiological processes including the regulation of vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle contraction, modulation of platelet aggregation, and the regulation of appetite, mood, anxiety, wakefulness and perception. To mediate this astonishing array of functions, no(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) receptors are essential for the actions of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) on physiological processes as diverse as vascular smooth muscle contraction, platelet aggregation, perception, and emotion. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism(s) by which 5-HT activates 5-HT2A receptors using a combination of(More)
A database system and computer programs for storage and retrieval of information about guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) -coupled receptor mutants and associated biological effects have been developed. Mutation data on the receptors were collected from the literature and a database of mutants and effects of mutations was developed. The G(More)
The transcription factor Pax6 is essential for the development of the eyes and the central nervous system of vertebrates and invertebrates. Pax6 contains two DNA-binding domains; an N-terminal paired domain and a centrally located homeodomain. We have previously shown that the vertebrate paired-less isoform of Pax6 (Pax6DeltaPD), and several other(More)
Molecular modeling techniques were used to build a three-dimensional model of the rat 5-HT2C receptor, which was used to examine receptor interactions for protonated forms of serotonin, ketanserin and ritanserin. Molecular dynamics simulations which were started with the fluoro benzene moiety of ketanserin and ritanserin oriented towards the cytoplasmic(More)
We have previously reported that endocytic sorting of ET(A) endothelin receptors to the recycling pathway is dependent on a signal residing in the cytoplasmic carboxyl-terminal region. The aim of the present work was to characterize the carboxyl-terminal recycling motif of the ET(A) receptor. Assay of truncation mutants of the ET(A) receptor with increasing(More)
We introduce a new approach to the known concept of interaction profiles, based on Structural Interaction Fingerprints (SIFt), for precise and rapid binding site description. A set of scripts for batch generation and analysis of SIFt were prepared, and the implementation is computationally efficient and supports parallelization. It is based on a 9-digit(More)
The searchable mutant database tGRAP (previously called tinyGRAP) at the University of Tromsø contains data on mutated G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). All data have been extracted from scientific papers and entered manually into the database. The current version of the tGRAP mutant database (tGRAP.uit.no, release 10, April 2001) contains around 10 500(More)