Kurt J. Hoffmann

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The ability of various human derived in vitro systems to predict various aspects of the in vivo metabolism and kinetics of almokalant have been investigated in a multicenter collaborative study. Although almokalant has been withdrawn from further clinical development, its metabolic and pharmacokinetic properties have been well characterized. Studies with(More)
The biotransformation of the calcium antagonist felodipine was investigated in liver microsomes from rat, dog, and man. The metabolites were quantified and identified by gradient elution reverse phase liquid chromatography, liquid scintillation analysis, and GC/MS. Ten metabolites were identified, including the pyridine analogue of felodipine, two(More)
The structure of the covalent adduct formed in vitro between [14C]-acetaminophen ([14C]APAP) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated with the aid of new analytical methodology. The APAP-BSA adduct, isolated from mouse liver microsomal incubations to which the radiolabeled drug and BSA had been added, was cleaved using a combination of specific(More)
The excretion and metabolism of [14C]omeprazole given orally as a suspension was studied in 10 healthy male subjects. An average of 79% of the dose was recovered in the urine in 96 hr, with most of the radioactivity (76% of dose) being eliminated in the first 24 hr. Pooled urine (0-2 hr) from five subjects, containing about 47% of the dose, was analyzed by(More)
When hepatotoxic doses of [ring-U-14C]acetaminophen ([ring-U-14C]APAP) were administered to mice, radioactivity became bound irreversibly to hemoglobin as well as to proteins in the liver and kidney. The covalent binding to hemoglobin was dose-dependent, and in phenobarbital-pretreated mice occurred to the extent of approximately 8% of the corresponding(More)
A highly sensitive and specific quantitative assay for metoprolol and two of its metabolites, containing an unchanged 2-hydroxy-4-isopropylaminopropoxy sidechain, has been developed. The compounds are isolated from the alkalized sample (plasma or urine) by extraction with dichloromethane, and converted to trifluoroacetyl derivatives by reaction with(More)
The purpose of this investigation was a study of simultaneous permeability measurement using compound mixtures (cassette dosing) as an alternative to single compound evaluation in order to increase the capacity of screens for intestinal drug permeability. Drug transport across Caco-2 monolayers was studied, both in the apical to basolateral and the(More)
The objectives of these investigations were to study the absorption and disposition characteristics of felodipine in young healthy male volunteers following acute administration of different intravenous and oral doses, and to study urinary metabolites of [14C]felodipine following oral administration. Felodipine is rapidly and extensively absorbed from the(More)