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OBJECTIVE This study was performed in order to clarify the mechanisms which underlie the reduced signal-to-noise of event-related potentials in schizophrenic patients. Specifically, we wanted to find out, whether it is reduced activation and/or synchronization (phase-locking) in specific frequency bands of the ongoing EEG which is related to the decreased(More)
There is good evidence from neuroanatomic postmortem and functional imaging studies that dysfunction of the anterior cingulate cortex plays a prominent role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. So far, no electrophysiological localization study has been performed to investigate this deficit. We investigated 18 drug-free schizophrenic patients and 25(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the relation between EEG, event-related potentials and information processing as measured by an acoustical choice reaction time task. In particular, we wanted to find out to what extent reaction-time performance is related to the pre-stimulus EEG activity (frequency domain) and the magnitude of signal power(More)
We determined whether schizophrenic patients can be reliably classified with electrophysiological tools. We developed a fully computerized classifier based on 5 minutes of EEG recording during an acoustical choice reaction time task (AMDP-module IV). We included factorized variables from the frequency domain and evoked potentials (N100/P200-complex) from(More)
This study was performed in order to address the question whether the newly introduced technique of low-resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORETA) is able to detect hypofrontality in schizophrenic patients. We investigated resting EEGs of 19 unmedicated schizophrenics and 20 normal subjects. For comparison, we also investigated 19 subjects with(More)
The eye movements of 20 partially remitted schizophrenic outpatients (ICD-9) under neuroleptic maintenance medication and those of 20 normal controls were recorded using corneal reflection pupil-center measurement. The visuomotor performance during a 1-min picture viewing task was studied on the basis of several eye movement parameters. Clinical evaluation(More)
Electroencephalographically oriented research on vigilance needs valid measures for assessing the level of vigilance between wakefulness and sleep. When studying different psychologically, psychopathologically, and pharmacologically induced states, special attention has to be paid to minor alterations of the level of vigilance which are reflected,(More)
A placebo-controlled, double-blind study on the effects of lithium on the electroencephalogram (EEG) was performed in 20 healthy volunteers. A reanalysis of the data which previously had been evaluated by factor analysis and other techniques is presented. The aim of this reanalysis is a quantitative reconstruction of visually defined vigilance stages. In 8(More)
Strains of Escherichia coli K-12 defective in their ability to utilize exogenously supplied iron due to genetic defects in the entF, tonB, fes, or fep gene exhibited elevated levels of the specific outer-membrane receptor for colicin Ia when compared with parental strains. Although entF, fes, and fep strains showed a higher degree of Ia sensitivity than did(More)
With the predictor problem in mind, we studied in-patients with endogenous depression whether relationships exist among the EEG, the therapeutic response, and the severity of psychopathology. We found that clinically defined responders and non-responders differ in respect of their average power spectra calculated for the two occipital regions. In addition,(More)