Kurt D Shanebeck

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A cytokine was identified that stimulated the proliferation of T lymphocytes, and a complementary DNA clone encoding this new T cell growth factor was isolated. The cytokine, designated interleukin-15 (IL-15), is produced by a wide variety of cells and tissues and shares many biological properties with IL-2. Monoclonal antibodies to the beta chain of the(More)
We have recently cloned a novel cytokine, IL-15, with shared bioactivities but no sequence homology with IL-2. We found high affinity IL-15 binding to many cell types, including cells of non-lymphoid origin. Analysis of IL-15 interaction with subunits of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) revealed that the alpha subunit was not involved in IL-15 binding. We(More)
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a novel cytokine of the four-helix bundle family which shares many biological activities with IL-2, probably due to its interaction with the IL-2 receptor beta and gamma (IL-2R beta and gamma c) chains. We report here the characterization and molecular cloning of a distinct murine IL-15R alpha chain. IL-15R alpha alone displays an(More)
Despite accumulating data implicating Propionibacterium acnes in a variety of diseases, its precise role in infection remains to be determined. P. acnes antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells are present in early inflamed acne lesions and may be involved in the inflammatory response; however, little is known about the specific antigens involved. In this study, B(More)
Two receptors for the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 (IL-1) have been cloned and characterized biochemically. While it has been well established that the type I (80-kDa) IL-1 receptor can mediate responses to IL-1, the function of the type II (60-kDa) IL-1 receptor has been unknown. In this manuscript we describe experiments designed to ask whether(More)
Two types of cellular IL-1Rs have been characterized and cloned from both human and murine sources. The type II IL-1R has a very short cytoplasmic domain and does not seem to participate in IL-1 signaling. We demonstrate that type II IL-1Rs are released from the surface of neutrophils in response to treatment with TNF or endotoxin. In addition, serum from(More)
The development of protein conjugate therapeutics requires control over the site of modification to allow for reproducible generation of a product with the desired potency, pharmacokinetic, and safety profile. Placement of a single nonnatural amino acid at the desired modification site of a recombinant protein, followed by a bioorthogonal reaction, can(More)
T cell-dependent regulation of B cell growth and differentiation involves an interaction between CD40, a B cell surface molecule, and the CD40 ligand (CD40L) which is expressed on activated CD4+ T cells. In the current study, we show that recombinant membrane-bound murine CD40L induces B cells to express costimulatory function for the proliferation of CD4+(More)
Recombinant granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factors (rGM-CSF) of mouse and human origins activated macrophages of the homologous species to inhibit the replication of the protozoan parasite T. cruzi. Activation could be induced with 10-100 ng/ml of rMu-GM-CSF, whether it was added before or after uptake of the parasite, in either adherent or(More)
Our results indicate that interleukin (IL)-12 is an important costimulator of antigen-dependent proliferation of murine Th1 clones. In addition, we demonstrate that IL-10 inhibits splenic antigen-presenting cell (APC)-dependent proliferation of Th1 clones, at least in part, via down-regulation of APC-derived IL-12. Moreover, the failure of activated B cells(More)