Kurt D. Hankenson

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Gene set analysis (GSA) is a widely used strategy for gene expression data analysis based on pathway knowledge. GSA focuses on sets of related genes and has established major advantages over individual gene analyses, including greater robustness, sensitivity and biological relevance. However, previous GSA methods have limited usage as they cannot handle(More)
Wnts comprise a family of secreted signaling proteins that regulate diverse developmental processes. Activation of Wnt signaling by Wnt10b inhibits differentiation of preadipocytes and blocks adipose tissue development; however, the effect of Wnt10b on other mesenchymal lineages has not been defined. To explore the physiological role of Wnt signaling in(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent, self-renewing, mesodermal-origin stem cells that are sequestered in the endosteal compartment. MSC are maintained in a relative state of quiescence in vivo but in response to a variety of physiological and pathological stimuli, proliferate and differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes,(More)
Mesenchymal precursor cells have the potential to differentiate into several cell types, including adipocytes and osteoblasts. Activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling shifts mesenchymal cell fate toward osteoblastogenesis at the expense of adipogenesis; however, molecular mechanisms by which Wnt signaling alters mesenchymal cell fate have not been fully(More)
Leptin functions through a well-documented central neuroendocrine pathway to regulate bone mass. However, the ability of leptin to modulate bone mass through a peripheral mechanism has been debated due to conflicting in vitro results and lack of sufficient in vivo models. We utilized mice with LoxP sites introduced into the long-form leptin receptor (ObRb)(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP) 2 is a close relative of TSP1 but differs in its temporal and spatial distribution in the mouse. This difference in expression undoubtedly reflects the marked disparity in the DNA sequences of the promoters in the genes encoding the two proteins. The synthesis of TSP2 occurs primarily in connective tissues of the developing and growing(More)
Altering dietary ratios of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) represents an effective nonpharmaceutical means to improve systemic inflammatory conditions. An effect of PUFA on cartilage and bone formation has been demonstrated, and the purpose of this study was to determine the potential of PUFA modulation to improve ligament healing. The(More)
Thrombospondin-5 (TSP5) is a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein found in musculoskeletal tissues. TSP5 mutations cause two skeletal dysplasias, pseudoachondroplasia and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia; both show a characteristic growth plate phenotype with retention of TSP5, type IX collagen (Col9), and matrillin-3 in the rough endoplasmic reticulum.(More)
Huntingtin Interacting Protein 1 (HIP1) binds clathrin and AP2, is overexpressed in multiple human tumors, and transforms fibroblasts. The function of HIP1 is unknown although it is thought to play a fundamental role in clathrin trafficking. Gene-targeted Hip1-/- mice develop premature testicular degeneration and severe spinal deformities. Yet, although(More)
Matricellular proteins are components of the extracellular matrix which are highly expressed in the developing and mature skeleton. Members of this protein class serve as biological mediators of cell function by interacting directly with cells or by modulating the activity of growth factors, proteases, and other extracellular matrix proteins. Although(More)