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Conversion of plant cell walls to ethanol constitutes second generation bioethanol production. The process consists of several steps: biomass selection/genetic modification, physiochemical pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification, fermentation and separation. Ultimately, it is desirable to combine as many of the biochemical steps as possible in a single(More)
The gene encoding a glycoside hydrolase family 43 enzyme termed deAX was isolated and subcloned from a culture seeded with a compost starter mixed bacterium population, expressed with a C-terminal His(6)-tag, and purified to apparent homogeneity. deAX was monomeric in solution and had a broad pH maximum between pH 5.5 and pH 7. A twofold greater k (cat)/K(More)
We describe the de novo design and biophysical characterization of a model coiled-coil protein in which we have systematically substituted 20 different amino acid residues in the central "d" position. The model protein consists of two identical 38 residue polypeptide chains covalently linked at their N termini via a disulfide bridge. The hydrophobic core(More)
Improved molecular disassembly and depolymerization of grain starch to glucose are key to reducing energy use in the bioconversion of glucose to chemicals, ingredients, and fuels. In fuel ethanol production, these biorefining steps use 10-20% of the energy content of the fuel ethanol. The need to minimize energy use and to raise the net yield of energy can(More)
There is a great interest in xylanases due to the wide variety of industrial applications for these enzymes. We cloned a xylanase gene (xyn8) from an environmental genomic DNA library. The encoded enzyme was predicted to be 399 amino acids with a molecular weight of 45.9 kD. The enzyme was categorized as a glycosyl hydrolase family 8 member based on(More)
The gene encoding a glycoside hydrolase family 43 beta-xylosidase (GbtXyl43A) from the thermophilic bacterium Geobacillus thermoleovorans strain IT-08 was synthesized and cloned with a C-terminal His-tag into a pET29b expression vector. The recombinant gene product termed GbtXyl43A was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to apparent homogeneity.(More)
Xylan is the major component of hemicellulose, and xylan should be fully utilized to improve the efficiencies of a biobased economy. There are a variety of industrial reaction conditions in which an active xylanase enzyme would be desired. As a result, xylanase enzymes with different activity profiles are of great interest. We isolated a xylanase gene(More)
Xylan 1,4-beta-D-xylosidase catalyzes hydrolysis of non-reducing end xylose residues from xylooligosaccharides. The enzyme is currently used in combination with beta-xylanases in several large-scale processes for improving baking properties of bread dough, improving digestibility of animal feed, production of D-xylose for xylitol manufacture, and deinking(More)
We describe here a systematic investigation into the role of position a in the hydrophobic core of a model coiled-coil protein in determining coiled-coil stability and oligomerization state. We employed a model coiled coil that allowed the formation of an extended three-stranded trimeric oligomerization state for some of the analogs; however, due to the(More)
The hemicellulose xylan constitutes a major portion of plant biomass, a renewable feedstock available for conversion to biofuels and other bioproducts. β-xylosidase operates in the deconstruction of the polysaccharide to fermentable sugars. Glycoside hydrolase family 43 is recognized as a source of highly active β-xylosidases, some of which could have(More)