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One of the most significant problems in industrial bioprocessing of recombinant proteins using engineered mammalian cells is the phenomenon of cell line instability, where a production cell line suffers a loss of specific productivity (qP). This phenomenon occurs with unpredictable kinetics and has been widely observed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell(More)
We examined the responsiveness of normal and neoplastic lung cells to agents which stimulate cAMP production. While their basal cAMP levels were similar, spontaneous in vitro transformant E9 cells and tumor-derived PCC4 cells produced much less cAMP in response to 1 microM isoproterenol compared to non-tumorigenic C10 cells derived from normal mouse lung(More)
Two serine/threonine protein kinases were compared in C10, a clone from the nontumorigenic NAL IA cell line derived from normal mouse lung epithelium, and PCC4, a cell line derived from a mouse lung adenoma. C10 cells are contact inhibited, whereas PCC4 cells are not. Upon treatment with the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the(More)
This report describes the induction of cell-type-specific maturation, by dibutyryl-cAMP and testololactone, of neuronal and glial properties in a family of cell lines derived from a rat peripheral neurotumor, RT4. This maturation allows further understanding of the process of determination because of the close lineage relationship between the cell types of(More)
This report examines a possible mechanism of mouse lung tumor prophylaxis by glucocorticoids (GC). Adrenalectomy (Ax) increased, and corticosterone replacement decreased, lung tumor multiplicity when treatment was begun before administration of the carcinogen, urethan. Ax increased the 3H-thymidine labeling index of alveolar epithelial cells. Tumor(More)
M ost biopharmaceutical production platforms are based on fed-batch cell culture protocols, which can support high volumetric productivity while maintaining low operational complexity (1). The industry is interested in developing or refining high-titer cell culture processes to meet increasing market demands and reduce manufacturing costs (2). Although(More)
The effects of adrenalectomy (Ax) on urethan-induced lung tumors were determined in strains of mice that vary in their respective tumor susceptibilities: A/J (sensitive), BALB/cByJ (intermediate), and C57BL/6J (B6, resistant). Ax increased tumor number in both A/J (by 25%) and B6 mice (by 400%), but not in BALB/cByJ mice. The relative proportions of(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones induce differentiation, inhibit proliferation, and, in mice, reduce carcinogen-induced tumorigenesis of lung epithelial cells. Therefore we examined dexamethasone effects on tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic mouse lung epithelial-derived cell lines. Non-tumorigenic cells were growth inhibited and exhibited CAT activity in pMMTV-CAT(More)
Photoincorporation of 8N3-[gamma-32P]-GTP into tissue and cell extracts was examined using gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. Decreased photoincorporation into a 45kD band was observed in extracts from mouse lung tumors as compared to normal mouse lung, and in extracts from lung tumor-derived cell lines when compared to isolated bronchiolar epithelial(More)