Learn More
Anoectochilus formosanus (AF) is a popular folk medicine in Taiwan whose pharmacological effects have been characterized. In this work we investigated the antioxidant properties of an aqueous extract prepared from AF. The AF extract was capable of scavenging H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner. We induced oxidative stress in HL-60 cells, either by the addition(More)
In a previous study, we evaluated the effect of baicalin on the expression of SP-A (surfactant protein A), which was developmentally regulated in an alveolar type II cell, H441. SP-A is encoded by two similar genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, in humans. The maximal induction of SP-A1 gene of H441 occurred at treating 150 nM of baicalin for 48 h. In the present study,(More)
A new biflavonoid, 2,3-dihydro-4',4'''-di-O-methylamentoflavone (5), and five known compounds, (-)-catechin (1), quercetin (2), 2,3-dihydrosciadopitysin (3), sciadopitysin (4), and isoginkgetin (6), were isolated from Podocarpus macrophyllus var. macrophyllus (Podocarpaceae). These compounds were evaluated their ability to inhibit cellular tyrosinase(More)
BACKGROUND Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium, plays a critical role in the development of inflammatory lesion as a result of cytokines production by keratinocytes and macrophages activation. However, effect of P. acnes on iNOS/NO and COX-2/PGE2 production in macrophages is still uninvestigated. OBJECTIVE This study(More)
A method was developed for rapid identification of Dendrobium species by a dot blot hybridization assay. The dot blot system is based on species-specific amplified fragments derived from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of different Dendrobium species as target DNA, which were blotted as dots on the nylon membrane. A small aliquot of the ITS(More)
DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) levels of several human neoplasms are higher than those of normal tissues. TOP1 inhibitors are widely used in treating conventional therapy-resistant ovarian cancers. However, patients may develop resistance to TOP1 inhibitors, hampering chemotherapy success. In this study, we examined the mechanisms associated with the(More)
An increasing number of studies show that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation can inhibit apoptosis. To clarify the antitumor mechanism of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and achieve increased therapeutic efficiency, we investigated the potential roles of AMPK and autophagy in CAPE treatment against C6 glioma cells. The roles of AMPK and(More)
Pulmonary surfactant, a complex lipoprotein, is secreted by alveolar type II cells. It lies at the alveolar air-fluid interface and prevents alveolar collapse by reducing surface tension. The high incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants results principally from a deficiency of pulmonary surfactant. Surfactant protein A (SP-A)(More)
Commercial pectins with different degrees of esterification (DE) were reacted with equal volumes of 2 M alkaline hydroxylamine (pH 12.0) at room temperature for 4 h to prepare pectin hydroxamic acids (PHAs; DE94T4, DE65T4, and DE25T4) according to a previously reported method (Hou et al., J. Agric. Food Chem. 2003, 51, 6362-6366) and were used to test the(More)
Dermal papilla cells (DPCs) control the development of hair follicles via cell-cell interactions and extracellular molecules. Colchicine affected active anagen DPCs to result in hair loss in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to identify the retro-modulator released by DPCs exposed to sub-toxic dose of colchicine and elucidate its effect on(More)