Kuo Kan Liang

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K+ are selectively coordinated in the selectivity filter and concerted K+ and water movements in this region ensure high conduction rates in K+ channels. In channels with long pores many K+ binding sites are located intracellular to the selectivity filter (inner vestibule), but their contribution to permeation has not been well studied. We investigated this(More)
A statistical-mechanical treatment of the solubilization in micelle is presented in combination with molecular simulation. The micellar solution is viewed as an inhomogeneous and partially finite, mixed solvent system, and the method of energy representation is employed to evaluate the free-energy change for insertion of a solute into the micelle inside(More)
The performance of an analytical expression for algorithmic decoherence time is investigated for non-Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics. There are two terms in the function that represents the dependence of the decoherence time on the system parameters; one represents decoherence due to the quantum time-energy uncertainty principle and the other represents(More)
A molecular theory of time-resolved sum-frequency generation (SFG) has been developed. The theoretical framework is constructed using the coupled-oscillator model in the adiabatic approximation. This theory can treat not only the vibrational spectroscopy but also vibrational dynamics. An application of this theory is also provided for estimation of the time(More)
Basic theoretical treatments of quantum beats are presented using the effective Hamiltonian method and the density matrix method. To describe the states involved in quantum beats, the molecular-eigen state basis set and the zeroth order basis set are introduced. Based on these basis sets for the two-state model, the condition under which molecular coherence(More)
We consider two basic types of Brownian motors which generate directed motion in a periodic asymmetric piecewise-linear potential as a result of random half-period shifts of the potential relief (flashing ratchets) or due to a temporally asymmetric unbiased force applied to the system (rocking ratchets). Analytical relationships have been derived which(More)
In studying ultrafast electron transfer from a dye molecule to a nanosized semiconductor particle, pump-probe experiments are commonly used. In this system the electron transfer (ET) rate is faster than vibrational relaxation so that the ET rate should be described by a single-level rate constant and the probing signal (often in the form of time-resolved(More)
In this paper we shall show how to calculate the single vibronic-level electron-transfer rate constant, which will be compared with the thermal averaged one. To apply the theoretical results to the dye-sensitized solar cells, we use a simple model to describe how we model the final state of the electron-transfer process. Numerical calculations will be(More)
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