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K+ are selectively coordinated in the selectivity filter and concerted K+ and water movements in this region ensure high conduction rates in K+ channels. In channels with long pores many K+ binding sites are located intracellular to the selectivity filter (inner vestibule), but their contribution to permeation has not been well studied. We investigated this(More)
The performance of an analytical expression for algorithmic decoherence time is investigated for non-Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics. There are two terms in the function that represents the dependence of the decoherence time on the system parameters; one represents decoherence due to the quantum time-energy uncertainty principle and the other represents(More)
We consider two basic types of Brownian motors which generate directed motion in a periodic asymmetric piecewise-linear potential as a result of random half-period shifts of the potential relief (flashing ratchets) or due to a temporally asymmetric unbiased force applied to the system (rocking ratchets). Analytical relationships have been derived which(More)
In studying ultrafast electron transfer from a dye molecule to a nanosized semiconductor particle, pump-probe experiments are commonly used. In this system the electron transfer (ET) rate is faster than vibrational relaxation so that the ET rate should be described by a single-level rate constant and the probing signal (often in the form of time-resolved(More)
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