Kuo-Hsun Chiu

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Reducing hyperpigmentation has been a big issue for years. Even though pigmentation is a normal mechanism protecting skin from UV-causing DNA damage and oxidative stress, it is still an aesthetic problem for many people. Bacteria can produce some compounds in response to their environment. These compounds are widely used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical(More)
In cancer metastasis, secreted proteins play an important role in promoting cancer cell migration and invasion and thus also in the increase of cancer metastasis in the extracellular microenvironment. In this study, we developed a strategy that combined a simple gel-aided protein purification with iTRAQ labeling to quantify and discover the(More)
Coral has been used for bone grafts since 1970. Because coral has the advantages of good osteoconduction, biocompatibility, and biodegradation, it is also suitable for scaffolds used in bone-tissue engineering. However, the skeletons of different species of corals often vary significantly, and very few studies focus on the assessment of the permeability and(More)
Ultrafine carbon black (ufCB) is a potential hazard to the lung. It causes changes in protein expression and it increases alveolar-capillary permeability in the lung. Label-free quantitative proteomic methods allow a sensitive and accurate analytical method for identifying and quantifying proteins in a protein mixture without chemically modifying the(More)
Bacteria can produce some compounds in response to their environment. These compounds are widely used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. Some probiotics have immunomodulatory activities and modulate the symptoms of several diseases. Autoimmune diseases represent a complex group of conditions that are thought to be mediated through the development(More)
Secreted proteins, collectively referred to as the secretome, were suggested as valuable biomarkers in disease diagnosis and prognosis. However, some secreted proteins from cell cultures are difficult to detect because of their intrinsically low abundance; they are frequently masked by the released proteins from lysed cells and the substantial amounts of(More)
Hagfish, the plesiomorphic sister group of all vertebrates, are deep-sea scavengers. The large musculus (m.) longitudinalis linguae (dental muscle) is a specialized element of the feeding apparatus that facilitates the efficient ingestion of food. In this article, we compare the protein expression in hagfish dental and somatic (the m. parietalis) skeletal(More)
Intermediate forms in the evolution of new adaptations such as transitions from water to land and the evolution of flight are often poorly understood. Similarly, the evolution of superfast sonic muscles in fishes, often considered the fastest muscles in vertebrates, has been a mystery because slow bladder movement does not generate sound. Slow muscles that(More)
BACKGROUND Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is one of the common diseases in otology. In general, we assume that most people who are exposed to loud noise constantly, e.g., soldiers, will suffer from hearing loss. Hearing loss is related to the gene polymorphisms, with the Wolfram syndrome type 1 gene (T2500C), interleukin-4 receptor α chain (Q576R) and(More)
In most sciaenids, males possess sonic muscles and produce sound through the contraction of these muscles and amplification of the swim bladder. The sonic muscles in some fishes exhibit seasonal changes in size. For example, they are hypertrophic in the spawning season, and atrophic in the non-spawning months. The protein profiles of the sonic muscle, red(More)