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The gene encoding the Wuchereria bancrofti orthologue of the Brugia malayi-derived diagnostic antigen SXP1 was identified from a W. bancrofti L3 cDNA library and characterized. The Wb-sxp-1 cDNA encoded a basic protein with a calculated molecular mass of 20.8 kDa. Wb-SXP-1 was 85% identical to the SXP1 protein described from B. malayi (Bm-SXP-1). The(More)
The immunological mechanisms involved in maintenance of an asymptomatic microfilaremic state (MF) in patients with lymphatic filariasis remain undefined. MF patients have impaired filarial antigen (Ag)-specific lymphocyte proliferation and decreased frequencies (Fo) of Ag-specific T cells, and yet elevated serum IgE and antifilarial IgG4. To investigate the(More)
The processes of sporulation and crystal formation in Bacillus thuringiensis could be desynchronized, using short term temperature shift-up conditions or addition of chloramphenicol at the beginning of sporulation. Isolation of a Sp-, Cr+ mutant, blocked at early stage of sporulation further confirmed that crystal formation can occur in the absence of(More)
To determine whether counterregulation by interleukin (IL)-10 plays a role in the generation or maintenance of the antigen-specific hyporesponsiveness seen in asymptomatic microfilaremic (MF) patients, parasite antigen (PAg)- and nonparasite antigen (NPAg)-driven IL-10 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was studied in 10 MF patients and(More)
To understand the molecular basis of parasite-specific anergy in human lymphatic filariasis caused by the nematode Wuchereria bancrofti, parasite antigen-dependent cellular proliferation and cytokine gene expression were investigated. By reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the levels of cytokine mRNA were determined in the peripheral(More)
To explore the mechanisms of antigen-specific immune unresponsiveness seen in microfilaremic patients with bancroftian filariasis, T and B cell precursor frequency analysis was performed using PBMC from individuals with either asymptomatic microfilaremia (MF, n = 7) or chronic lymphatic obstruction (CP, n = 20). Highly purified CD3+ cells were partially(More)
Genes specifying the oxidative utilization of hydroxyproline (Hyp) in P. aeruginosa PAO were located on the chromosome, around 19th minute by conjugation experiments. A map order of his-68-his-07-Hyp was assigned. Confirmation of this gene order was also demonstrated by transductional mapping studies. All the genes determining the enzymes of Hyp(More)
Oligonucleotides provide novel reagents for inhibition of gene expression because of their high affinity binding to specific nucleotide sequences. We describe a 38 base, single-stranded DNA that forms a triple helix or 'triplex' on progesterone response elements of a target gene. This triplex-forming oligonucleotide binds with a Kd = 100 nM at 37 degrees C(More)
Helminth infections in humans and animals are associated with strong T helper 2 (Th2) responses. To determine whether parasite-derived Ag preferentially expand a Th2-like cell population, a filter immunoplaque assay was used to enumerate the frequencies (F0) of PBMC and CD4(+)-enriched PBMC from individuals with helminth infections secreting selected(More)
The levels of interleukin 1, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha secreted by the monocytes of filarial patients, such as asymptomatic microfilaremics (MF), chronic pathology (CP), and normal individuals, residing in a Wuchereria bancrofti endemic area (EN) in response to whole Brugia malayi(More)