Kuniyuki Kako

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A partially purified, membrane-bound Na+-K+-ATPase fraction, prepared from the outer medulla of porcine kidney, was incubated in the presence of 0.1 mM FeCl3, 1 mM ADP, and 0.1-100 mM H2O2 for either 15 or 30 min at 37 degrees C. The activity of ouabain-sensitive Na+-K+-ATPase was reduced proportionally to the concentration of H2O2 and the duration of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate effects of experimental diabetes and insulin treatment on heart myocytes, particularly on the mitochondrial function studied in situ in isolated cardiomyocytes. METHODS 20 male Sprague-Dawley rats (140-160 g) were made diabetic by intraperitoneal streptozotocin, 70 mg.kg-1. Ten then received daily subcutaneous(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hypochlorite (HOCl) cause a variety of cellular dysfunctions. In this study we examined the effects of these agents on the electrical potential gradient across the inner membrane of mitochondria in situ in isolated rat heart myocytes. Myocytes were prepared by collagenase digestion and incubated in the presence of H2O2 or HOCl.(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) serves as a precursor for highly reactive oxygen intermediates. However, the respiratory function of myocytes is relatively resistant to exogenously administered H2O2. In this study, we examined whether or not the reduction of cellular defense increases the toxicity of H2O2. Rat heart myocytes were isolated by collagenase digestion.(More)
Lipid composition of the myocardium and in vitro lipid metabolism were studied in hearts from young rats after 30 days of treatment with triiodothyronine (100 microgram/kg per day) and in heterotopically isotransplanted hearts of inbred adult rats 6 days after surgery. The former served as an experimental model of cardiac hyperfunction, while the latter,(More)
Recent evidence suggests that free radicals are generated in the heart during the reperfusion which follows ischemia. Intracellular accumulation of calcium has been postulated to be an important pathogenic factor in a number of disease states, including reperfusion injury. Therefore, in this study, the effects of various oxidants on calcium uptake by(More)
Fatty acid selectivity of acyl-CoA:glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.15) and acyl-CoA:monoacylglycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.52) of the microsomal fraction prepared from rabbit heart was studied. 1. The rate of acylation of glycerol 3-phosphate was increased proportionally with the concentration of acyl-CoA. The maximum rate was(More)
Adult rat heart myocytes were labeled rapidly with exogenous [45Ca2+]. Addition of 2.5 mM H2O2 to the heart cell suspension raised the content of rapidly exchangeable intracellular Ca2+ twofold, whereas addition of 1-30 mM HOCl decreased the Ca2+ content. The H2O2-induced increase in Ca2+ content was dependent on the medium Na+, pH, and temperature but was(More)
Sarcolemmal and mitochondrial phospholipids were extracted from normally perfused and ischemic regions of the dog heart and the composition of these extracts was analyzed. Relatively pure sarcolemmal fraction obtained from myocardium subjected to 3 h of ischemia exhibited a significantly lower concentration of phospholipids than that obtained from normal(More)
Free radical generation may be the principal pathogenic factor responsible for the initiation of ischemia/reperfusion myocardial cell damage. Circumstantial evidence is in favour of the view that impaired function of the membraneous components of ischemic cells is associated with oxygen radical-induced alterations in proteins and lipids. Thus, lipid(More)