Kuniyoshi Shimakura

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BACKGROUND Tropomyosin and arginine kinase have been identified as crustacean allergens. During purification of arginine kinase from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon, we found a new allergen of 20-kDa. METHODS A 20-kDa allergen was purified from the abdominal muscle of black tiger shrimp by salting-out, anion-exchange HPLC and reverse-phase HPLC.(More)
In vitro accumulation of tetrodotoxin (TTX) and paralytic shellfish toxin (PST) in tiger puffer fish Takifugu rubripes was investigated using liver tissue slices. When T. rubripes liver slices were incubated with Leibovitz’s L-15 medium containing 0.13 mM TTX at 20 °C in air with saturated humidity, they accumulated 21.5 ± 7.3 μg TTX g−1 liver after the(More)
Crude extracts from hypobranchial glands of two species of muricid gastropods, Thais clavigera and Thais bronni, were highly lethal to mice. Regardless of species, a new choline ester was isolated as the major toxic principle and elucidated to be tigloylcholine, a structural isomer of senecioylcholine widely found in gastropod hypobranchial glands, by 1H-(More)
Anisakis simplex is a representative nematode parasitizing marine organisms, such as fish and squids, and causes not only anisakiasis but also IgE-mediated allergy. Although 10 kinds of proteins have so far been identified as A. simplex allergens, many unknown allergens are considered to still exist. In this study, a chemiluminescent immunoscreening method(More)
Fish skin mucus contains a variety of antimicrobial proteins and peptides that seem to play a role in self defense. We previously reported an antibacterial protein in the skin secretion of the rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli, which showed selective antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria. This study aimed to isolate and structurally and(More)
The nematode Anisakis simplex is a representative parasite for marine animals and occasionally causes not only anisakiasis but also allergic reactions in sensitized subjects. Besides the known allergens, a number of unidentified allergens have been suggested to still exist in A. simplex. In this study, a new heat-stable allergen of 15kDa (named Ani s 8) was(More)
Two protease inhibitors (AXPI-I and -II) were isolated from the sea anemone Anthopleura aff. xanthogrammica by a combination of acetone precipitation, gel filtration on Sephadex G-75, cation-exchange fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) on Mono S and reverse-phase HPLC on TSKgel ODS-120T. Both inhibitors are basic polypeptides, and their amino acid(More)
The nematode Anisakis simplex is a marine parasite that causes allergy as well as anisakiasis. Although five Anisakis allergens have already been identified, immunoblotting studies suggested that unidentified allergens still exist. In this study, an expression cDNA library constructed from A. simplex was subjected to immunoscreening using an(More)
L-amino acid oxidase (LAO) shows broadly antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria by H(2)O(2) generated in the oxidative process of L-amino acids. However, LAO (termed SSAP) isolated from the rockfish Sebastes schlegelii skin mucus acted selectively on Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, this study was undertaken to clarify the(More)
Marine puffer fish accumulates tetrodotoxin (TTX) in the liver and ovary. In this study, we examined the pharmacokinetics of TTX in Takifugu rubripes by a single administration under general anesthesia at 20 degrees C for 300 min. The blood concentration-time profile showed multiple distinct phases after injection into hepatic portal vein. The area under(More)