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The purpose of this study is to use voxel-based analysis to simultaneously elucidate regional changes in gray/white matter volume, mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA) in patients with unipolar major depressive disorder. We studied 21 right-handed patients and 42 age- and gender-matched right-handed normal subjects. Local areas showing(More)
BACKGROUND The fornix is a major projection of the hippocampus to and from other brain regions. A previous diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study has reported disrupted integrity of the fornix in patients with schizophrenia. However, functional significance of the DTI abnormalities of the fornix in schizophrenia has not been fully studied yet. We investigated(More)
Rats were fed cholesterol-free purified diets containing casein, rice (RP), potato (PP) or soybean (SP) proteins having different amounts of methionine (25.9, 21.3, 16.2 and 10.9 g methionine/kg, respectively). Each protein was fed at 250 g/kg diet for 14 d. Growth rates of rats were the same in all groups. Serum total cholesterol concentrations were lower(More)
Previous diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have shown structural abnormalities of the cingulum bundle (CB) in patients with schizophrenia. However, regional specificity and functional relevance of the pregenual and dorsal CB subdivisions has not been fully studied. In the current study, 31 patients with schizophrenia and 65 age- and gender-matched(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that oxytocin affects social cognition and behavior mediated by the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) in amygdala in humans as well as in experimental animals. Genetic studies have revealed a link between the OXTR gene and the susceptibility to autism spectrum disorders (ASD), especially in the social dysfunctional feature of(More)
The purpose of this study is to elucidate sex differences in global and regional gray/white matter volume, mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA) during normal aging using voxel-based analysis. We studied 245 healthy right-handed subjects with a wide range of ages (115 women, 22-70 years; 130 men, 21-71 years). Regarding global effects,(More)
Chronic excessive alcohol intake results in alcohol-related brain damage. Many previous reports have documented alcohol-related global or local brain shrinkage or diffusional abnormalities among alcoholics and heavy to moderate drinkers; however, the influence of relatively low levels of alcohol consumption on brain structural or diffusional abnormality is(More)
Family and twin studies have indicated that genetic factors have an important role in panic disorder (PD), whereas its pathogenesis has remained elusive. We conducted a genome-wide copy number variation (CNV) association study to elucidate the involvement of structural variants in the etiology of PD. The participants were 2055 genetically unrelated Japanese(More)
Previous literature has suggested an important role of inferior frontal gyrus, which mainly consists of Brodmann’s Area (BA) 44 and 45, in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. While recent neuroimaging techniques have revealed differential functional correlates of BA 44 and 45 in healthy individuals, previous studies have not yet separately evaluated the(More)
The study was conducted to evaluate simultaneously gray matter changes and white matter changes in patients with schizophrenia. Cortical thickness, gray matter volume, and white matter anisotropy and diffusivity changes in schizophrenic patients (n = 21) were assessed relative to age-, gender-, and parental socioeconomic status-matched healthy controls (n =(More)