Kunio Kitahama

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The existence of GABAergic neurons in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) was demonstrated by three specific markers; mRNA coding for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and visualized by in situ hybridization using a 35S-labelled cDNA probe, and GAD protein and GABA were identified by immunocytochemistry using specific antisera. In situ hybridization(More)
The effects of the carotenoids beta-carotene and astaxanthin on the peroxidation of liposomes induced by ADP and Fe(2+) were examined. Both compounds inhibited production of lipid peroxides, astaxanthin being about 2-fold more effective than beta-carotene. The difference in the modes of destruction of the conjugated polyene chain between beta-carotene and(More)
In order to re-evaluate the role of two putative waking systems, we injected a neural cell body toxin, ibotenic acid (IA) (45 micrograms/microliters), into the mesencephalic reticular formation (MRF) and/or the posterior hypothalamus (PH). On the one hand, when the cell body destruction was only restricted to the MRF, the IA microinjection was followed by a(More)
Glutathione-independent prostaglandin D synthase [prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase; (5Z,13E)-(15S)-9 alpha,11 alpha-epidioxy-15-hydroxyprosta-5,13-dienoate D-isomerase, EC] is an enzyme responsible for biosynthesis of prostaglandin D2 in the central nervous system. In situ hybridization with antisense RNA for the enzyme indicated that mRNA for the(More)
In order to analyse the role of the anterior hypothalamus in the regulation of the sleep-waking cycle we made bilateral neuronal lesions at different levels of the anterior hypothalamus in cats, by means of microinjections of a cell-specific neurotoxin:ibotenic acid. These lesions resulted in severe insomnia in eight cats. This insomnia was characterized by(More)
Although nitric oxide (NO) is hypothesized to play a role in the modelling of neuronal connections in the developing brain, no precise histological information has been reported on nitric oxide synthase immunoreactive (NOS-IR) structures in the embryonic brain. Thus, we examined the distribution of NOS-IR structures in the rat brain at embryonic day 15(More)
We demonstrated the presence of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), the immediate precursor of serotonin (5-HT), in the rat brain tissue using a glutaraldehyde-coupled immunohistochemical technique. The immunoreactivity of 5-HTP was intensified in the colchicine-pretreated rat. The distribution of labelled cells was the same as for 5-HT-immunoreactive cells, but(More)
The medial subdivision of the monkey nucleus accumbens (NAC) is rich in dopamine (DA) and peptides. In the present investigation the mode of DA transmission in the medial subdivision was studied morphologically by light- and electron-microscopic immunocytochemistry using a monoclonal antibody raised against dopamine. The medial subdivision showed extremely(More)
The present study examines prolactin PRL-like immunoreactivity (PRL-LIR) in the rat central nervous system and describes the distribution of labeled perikarya and fibers using a specific antiserum to ovine PRL. This antiserum does not cross-react with molecules of the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) family and recognizes rat PRL. PRL-LIR cell bodies are found(More)
The organization of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-immunoreactive (IR) cell bodies and fibers in the cat forebrain is described. ACTH-IR cell bodies are found only in and around the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARH). They are not detected elsewhere even after pretreatment with colchicine. ACTH-IR fibers are present in discrete areas of the hypothalamus,(More)