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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) comprise 1 to 3% of all vertebrate genes, but their in vivo functions and mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. Zebrafish miR-430 is expressed at the onset of zygotic transcription and regulates morphogenesis during early development. By using a microarray approach and in vivo target validation, we find that miR-430 directly(More)
Early in development, primordial germ cells (PGCs) are set aside from somatic cells and acquire a unique gene-expression program . The mechanisms underlying germline-specific gene expression are largely unknown. Nanos expression is required during germline development and is posttranscriptionally restricted to PGCs . Here we report that the microRNA miR-430(More)
Detailed in situ analyses reveal overlapping expression of gsc and Xbra in the early Spemann's organizer. Coexpression is lost during gastrulation suggesting an interaction between these genes. Ectopic expression of gsc ventrally suppresses endogenous Xbra expression and transcription from Xbra promoter reporter gene constructs. Suppression is mediated, at(More)
The RNA-binding protein HuD promotes neuronal differentiation by an unknown mechanism. Here we identify an enhancer function of HuD in translation. Translation stimulation by HuD requires both a 3' poly(A) tail and a 5' m(7)G cap structure. We also show that HuD directly interacts with eIF4A. This interaction and the poly(A)-binding activity of HuD are(More)
Members of the DAZ gene family encode RNA-binding proteins and have been shown to play a pivotal role in gametogenesis. In Xenopus, a DAZ-like gene encodes an RNA component of the germ plasm. We have identified a zebrafish DAZ homologue, zDazl. zDazl mRNA was expressed in gonads of both sexes. In ovary, it was localized in the cortex of oocytes. At the(More)
Asymmetric distribution of maternal mRNAs has not been well documented in zebrafish. Recently, we have shown that dazl mRNA is localized at the vegetal pole. Here we report a novel zebrafish gene, bruno-like (brul), which provides another example of vegetal mRNA localization. brul encodes an Elav-type RNA-binding protein that belongs to the Bruno-like(More)
In zebrafish, primordial germ cells (PGCs) are determined by a specialized maternal cytoplasm, the germ plasm, which forms at the distal ends of the cleavage furrows in 4-cell embryos. The germ plasm includes maternal mRNAs from the germline-specific genes such as vasa and nanos1, and vegetally localized dazl RNA is also incorporated into the germ plasm.(More)
BACKGROUND During zebrafish embryogenesis, microRNA (miRNA) miR-430 contributes to restrict Nanos1 and TDRD7 to primordial germ cells (PGCs) by inducing mRNA deadenylation, mRNA degradation, and translational repression of nanos1 and tdrd7 mRNAs in somatic cells. The nanos1 and tdrd7 3'UTRs include cis-acting elements that allow activity in PGCs even in the(More)
The ribosomal proteins (RPs) form the majority of cellular proteins and are mandatory for cellular growth. RP genes have been linked, either directly or indirectly, to various diseases in humans. Mutations in RP genes are also associated with tissue-specific phenotypes, suggesting a possible role in organ development during early embryogenesis. However, it(More)
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) arise elsewhere in the embryo and migrate into developing gonadal ridges during embryonic development. In several model animals, formation and migration patterns of PGCs have been studied, and it is known that these patterns vary. Sturgeons (genus Acipenser) have great potential for comparative and evolutionary studies of(More)