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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) comprise 1 to 3% of all vertebrate genes, but their in vivo functions and mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. Zebrafish miR-430 is expressed at the onset of zygotic transcription and regulates morphogenesis during early development. By using a microarray approach and in vivo target validation, we find that miR-430 directly(More)
Early in development, primordial germ cells (PGCs) are set aside from somatic cells and acquire a unique gene-expression program . The mechanisms underlying germline-specific gene expression are largely unknown. Nanos expression is required during germline development and is posttranscriptionally restricted to PGCs . Here we report that the microRNA miR-430(More)
Alternative splicing is one of the central mechanisms that regulate eukaryotic gene expression. Here we report a tissue-specific RNA-binding protein, Fox-1, which regulates alternative splicing in vertebrates. Fox-1 bound specifically to a pentanucleotide GCAUG in vitro. In zebrafish and mouse, fox-1 is expressed in heart and skeletal muscles. As candidates(More)
In some teleost fish, primordial germ cells (PGCs) inherit specific maternal cytoplasmic factors such as vasa and nanos 1 (nos1) mRNA. It has been shown that the 3'untranslated regions (UTRs) of vasa and nos1 have critical roles for stabilization of these RNAs in zebrafish PGCs. In this study, to determine whether this role of the nos 1 3'UTR is conserved(More)
BACKGROUND The Bruno-like or CELF proteins, such as mammalian CUGBP1 and Etr-3, Xenopus EDEN-BP, and Drosophila Bruno (Bru), are regulators of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level, and contain three RNA-recognition motifs (RRMs). It has been shown that mammalian CUGBP1 and Etr-3 regulate alternative splicing of cardiac troponin T pre-mRNA via(More)
Detailed in situ analyses reveal overlapping expression of gsc and Xbra in the early Spemann's organizer. Coexpression is lost during gastrulation suggesting an interaction between these genes. Ectopic expression of gsc ventrally suppresses endogenous Xbra expression and transcription from Xbra promoter reporter gene constructs. Suppression is mediated, at(More)
vas RNA has been identified in germ-line cells and its precursors in zebrafish, with the result that the germ-line lineage can be traced throughout embryogenesis. In the present study, we described vas localization and the migration of vas-positive cells in goldfish, using whole mount in situ hybridization. The signals of vas mRNA localization appeared at(More)
The RNA-binding protein HuD promotes neuronal differentiation by an unknown mechanism. Here we identify an enhancer function of HuD in translation. Translation stimulation by HuD requires both a 3' poly(A) tail and a 5' m(7)G cap structure. We also show that HuD directly interacts with eIF4A. This interaction and the poly(A)-binding activity of HuD are(More)
Members of the DAZ gene family encode RNA-binding proteins and have been shown to play a pivotal role in gametogenesis. In Xenopus, a DAZ-like gene encodes an RNA component of the germ plasm. We have identified a zebrafish DAZ homologue, zDazl. zDazl mRNA was expressed in gonads of both sexes. In ovary, it was localized in the cortex of oocytes. At the(More)
Maternally supplied factors in fertilized eggs play essential roles in the establishment of primordial germ cells. In zebrafish, cytoplasm at the distal ends of the first and second cleavage furrows has been assumed to contain germ lineage determinants, since maternal transcripts of germ lineage-specific genes are localized to ends of the cleavage furrows.(More)