Kunio Hiroi

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Sexual organogenesis in spikelets of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv ‘Kinmaze’) affected by heat stress was investigated using SEM and stereo-microscopy. Of the 243 spikelets dissected, 55.6% developed pistil hyperplasia, i.e., proliferated female organs or tissues, including multiple stigmata and/or ovaries, outgrowth of swollen parenchymatous tissues from inside(More)
Enantiopure phthalides 2 and 5-8 were synthesized via enantioresolution of the corresponding alcohols with a chiral auxiliary of camphorsultam dichlorophthalic acid, (1S,2R,4R)-(-)-CSDP acid 3, followed by solvolysis with KOH in MeOH and the catalytic oxidation of chiral glycols with iridium complex 28. The absolute configurations of phthalides 2 and 5-8(More)
[reaction: see text] A novel amino alcohol-based Ir bifunctional complex acts as an efficient catalyst for oxidative lactonization of 1,4- or 1,5-diols with a substrate-to-catalyst molar ratio of 200-1000 in acetone or butanone. The reaction proceeds with broad functional group tolerance to give lactone in high yield at room temperature. The catalyst(More)
New chiral sulfoxide-1,3-oxazoline ligands have been developed as chiral ligands for Lewis acid-catalyzed asymmetric Diels-Alder reactions. The use of chiral sulfinyl 1,3-oxazoline ligands in copper(II)-catalyzed asymmetric Diels-Alder reactions provided an endo cycloadduct as a major product with moderate enantioselectivity. A rationale is proposed for the(More)
Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and Southern hybridization, gag, pol, env and pX region genes of HTLV-1 provirus were detected in T-cell malignancy such as adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), mycosis fungoides in leukemic phase (MF) and, CD8-leukemia. The gag, pol, and/or env regions, were not amplified in some cases of ATLL, which(More)