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The surgical treatment of nine patients with infective endocarditis (IE) complicated by annular infection and five with IE complicated by cerebral infarction is described herein. In those with annular infection, after thorough débridement of the infected tissues, valve replacement was performed at the original position in five, at the supraannular position(More)
BACKGROUND Time limits for neuroprotection by retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) and selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) in aortic arch aneurysm repair or dissection are undergoing definition. METHODS Using near-infrared optical spectroscopy, changes in regional cerebrovascular oxygen saturation (rSO2) were compared between the two perfusion methods. (More)
A 61-year-old man, who had suffered congestive heart failure following a large transmural acute myocardial infarction (AMI) of the anterior wall, developed a mobile ball-like thrombus in the left ventricle (LV). On the third day after onset of AMI, when the patient had recovered slightly from congestive heart failure, we performed coronary artery bypass(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism(s) responsible for the persistence of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) during central apnea. In five awake dogs, heart rate (HR) was recorded during constant mechanical ventilation (MV) and during central apneas produced by cessation of MV. For each of 10 control ventilator cycles before MV was stopped,(More)
We assessed the efficacy of emergency percutaneous cardiopulmonary bypass support (PCPS) in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Emergency PCPS was instituted in 21 consecutive patients beginning in 1991. After the stabilization of the hemodynamics, coronary reperfusion was performed by means of(More)
An 80-year-old woman had undergone initial mitral valve replacement using a Björk-Shiley mechanical valve owing to mitral stenosis 25 years earlier. Suddenly, she had anemia and an increased lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) level. Transesophageal echography (TEE) showed perivalvular leakage. In a redo operation, two side-by-side stitches of the valve on the(More)
During the past thirteen years, 29 patients underwent surgical intervention for Leriche syndrome. Fifteen patients (aged forty-two to seventy-two years, average 60.7 years) underwent anatomical bypass, and 9 of them whose thrombus was confined to the infrarenal aorta received a routine graft insertion. In the other 6 whose thrombus extended to the level of(More)
This report documents the sudden onset of aortic regurgitation (AR) by an exceptional cause. A 68-year-old woman suddenly experienced general fatigue, and AR was diagnosed. One year later, we performed aortic valve replacement. At surgery, three aortic cusps with a larger noncoronary cusp had prolapsed along with a free-floating fibrous band that had(More)
A 73-year-old woman with a 10-year history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) had severe aortic regurgitation (AR) and an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) with a maximum diameter of 55 mm. By retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) in the patient under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), we replaced the ascending aorta graft and aortic valve.(More)
AIM This evidence-based project was to implement the best practice to provide safe and effective care to patients with chest tube drainage system in cardiothoracic wards. METHODS Best practice recommendations on monitoring and maintenance of chest drains were retrieved from the Joanna Briggs Institute COnNECT+ database. A checklist was developed based on(More)