Kuninori Hirosaki

Learn More
The synthesis of melanin intermediates through tyrosinase (TYR) involves the production of cytotoxic free radicals. By using recombinant adenoviruses that express TYR, tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1) or DOPAchrome tautomerase (DCT), we analyzed the biological function of these proteins with regard to melanin production and the growth of melanocytes,(More)
Assembly, target-signaling and transport of tyrosinase gene family proteins at the initial stage of melanosome biogenesis are reviewed based on our own discoveries. Melanosome biogenesis involves four stages of maturation with distinct morphological and biochemical characteristics that reflect distinct processes of the biosynthesis of structural and(More)
We have recently identified the association of Rab7 in melanosome biogenesis and proposed that Rab7 is involved in the transport of tyrosinase-related protein 1 from the trans-Golgi network to melanosomes, possibly passing through late-endosome-delineated compartments. In order to further investigate the requirement of Rab7-containing compartments for(More)
Melanosome biogenesis consists of multistep processes that involve synthesis of melanosomal protein, which is followed by vesicle transport/fusion and post-translational modifications such as glycosylation, proteolysis, and oligomerization. Because of its complexity, the details of the molecular mechanism of melanosome biogenesis are not yet fully(More)
To understand the process of expression of tyrosinase, a key enzyme of melanogenesis, we examined its maturation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by using a heterogeneous expression system. When human tyrosinase cDNA was introduced into COS 7 cells, tyrosinase activity was minimally detected. Immunofluorescence study revealed that tyrosinase was(More)
We have devised a bilobed skin flap for reconstruction after excision of small skin tumours. The sutured part serves as a zig-zag that leads to only slight postoperative contracture of the scar. The rotation centre of the flap is nearer to the affected area than other conventional bilobed flaps, resulting in less dog-ear deformity and distortion of tissue.
The melanosome is a unique secretory granule of the melanocyte in which melanin pigments are synthesized by tyrosinase gene family glycoproteins. Melanogenesis is a highly regulated process because of its inherent toxicity. An understanding of the various regulatory mechanisms is important in delineating the pathophysiology involved in pigmentary disorders(More)
The intracellular vesicular trafficking in the melanosome biogenesis (melanogenesis) is reviewed with the incorporation of our own experimental findings. The melanosome biogenesis involves four stages of melanosome maturation, which reflect the transport of structural and enzymatic proteins from Golgi (trans-Golgi network: TGN) to the melanosomal(More)
How melanosomal proteins such as enzymic proteins (tyrosinase and tyrosinase-related proteins, Tyrps) and structural protein (gp100) are transported from Golgi to melanosomal compartments is not yet fully understood. A number of small GTPases have been found to be associated with melanosomes and we have identified one of them, Rab7, a regulator of vesicular(More)