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To determine critical role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) for development of viral myocarditis, a mouse model of encephalomyocarditis virus-induced myocarditis was used. The virus was intraperitoneally given to COX-2 gene-deficient heterozygote mice (COX-2+/-) and wild-type mice (WT). We examined differences in heart weights, cardiac histological scores,(More)
We investigated role of beta-endorphin (END), which is released by immobilization stress, on intimal fibromuscular proliferation in a rat model of arterial remodeling after intimal injury. The endothelium of the abdominal aorta of Wistar-Kyoto rats was denuded, and the rats were subjected to immobilization stress (6 h/d), which raised the serum(More)
PURPOSE We examined the effects of the angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker candesartan on myocarditis injury in a murine model of acute myocarditis. We hypothesized that candesartan improves cardiac damage by inducing cardiac expression of adiponectin. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined changes in heart failure caused by myocarditis in mice by candesartan(More)
BACKGROUND We have reported that use of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, which is a class of antihypertensive agent that induces cough, is an independent factor in reducing risk of pneumonia among elderly inpatients. Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the ACE gene (ACE) has been associated with the risk of pneumonia in elderly(More)
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a member of the silent information regulator 2 in mammals, has recently been found to be involved in age-related diseases, such as cancer, metabolic diseases, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative diseases, osteoporosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mainly through deacetylation of substrates such as p53, forkhead(More)
Obesity is an important risk factor for heart disease. Whether weight loss affects the severity of heart failure induced by viral myocarditis is a matter of debate. We hypothesized that weight loss could improve cardiac dysfunction by inducing cardiac expression of a cardioprotective cytokine, adiponectin. We examined the relationship between weight loss by(More)
A mouse model of encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus-induced myocarditis was used to investigate the expression of adiponectin in damaged cardiomyocytes. We intraperitoneally injected EMC virus into leptin-deficient ob/ob (OB) mice and wild-type (WT) mice. OB mice were divided into two subgroups consisting of mice with no intervention and mice receiving leptin(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with the main symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and neuron apoptosis. Nevertheless, no study has been performed directly to explore the relationship between CFS, BDNF and neuron apoptosis. We induced a CFS model by six injections of killed Brucella abortus antigen in BALB/c mice and treated(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the mechanism of the effects of angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonist, candesartan, upon cardiac adiponectin in the combination of myocarditis with obesity, we examined obese KKAy mice with acute viral myocarditis treated by candesartan and investigated cardiac adiponectin regulation. METHODS Mice were divided into candesartan early(More)