Learn More
Vitamin K(2) (K(2), menatetrenone) has been reported to enhance bone formation and inhibit bone resorption in vitro. However, there is no evidence that K(2) enhances bone formation in vivo. The aim of this study was to characterize the effect of K(2) on bone formation in vivo. We carried out two experiments using a prednisolone (pred)-induced bone loss(More)
To investigate the role of osteocalcin (OC) in bones, bone parameters in warfarin (WF)-treated rats after ovariectomy (OVX) were compared with those in intact rats. Rats were divided into an intact group and WF-treated group. Warfarin was orally given to rats for 16 weeks, and then OVX was performed and rats in the WF-treated groups continued receiving WF.(More)
Vitamin K2 (menatetrenone) has been used for the treatment of osteoporosis in Japan. We investigated the effects of ovariectomy (OVX) and vitamin K2 on the calcium (Ca) balance in 20-week-old female Fischer rats. Vitamin K2 (31 mg/kg per day) was given to animals as a dietary supplement. At weeks 4 and 8 after OVX, a Ca balance study was performed for 5(More)
Two experiments were carried out using 7-week-old male Wistar rats. Exp. 1: Rats in the intact group were fed with normal diet (0.5% Ca, 0.09% Mg). Ca/Mg deficient rats were fed low Ca (0.01%) diets containing 0.003, 0.015 or 0.09% Mg for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, the bone mineral density (BMD) and maximum load in the femur were decreased in Ca/Mg deficient(More)
It has been reported that the Mg-insufficient bone is fragile upon mechanical loading, despite its high bone mineral density, while vitamin K2 (MK-4: menatetrenone) improved the mechanical strength of Mg-insufficient bone. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the ultrastructural properties of bone in rats with dietary Mg insufficiency with and without MK-4(More)
In order to investigate the pathophysiology of anticonvulsant-induced osteopenia, circulating levels of bone γ-carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein (Bone Gla Protein: BGP) and urinary excretion of BGP were measured in 16 chidren on chronic anticonvulsant therapy and in 12 control children. Using microdensitometry analysis, osteopenia was found in 25% of(More)
This study aimed to elucidate the ultrastructural role of Gla proteins in bone mineralization by means of a warfarin-administration model. Thirty-six 4-week-old male F344 rats received warfarin (warfarin group) or distilled water (control group), and were fixed after 4, 8 and 12 weeks with an aldehyde solution. Tibiae and femora were employed for(More)
Osteogenic disorder shionogi (ODS) rats carry a hereditary defect in ascorbic acid synthesis, mimicking human scurvy when fed with an ascorbic acid-deficient (aa-def) diet. As aa-def ODS rats were shown to feature disordered bone formation, we have examined the bone mineralization in this rat model. A fibrous tissue layer surrounding the trabeculae of(More)
Effects of vitamin K(2) (menatetrenone) and alendronate on bone mineral content and bone mechanical property in rats fed a low-magnesium diet. Recent clinical studies have shown that the occurrence of new fractures does not always depend on bone mineral density. Therefore bone quality has become an important issue in osteoporosis research. No animal model(More)
The purposes of this study were to clarify that warfarin (WF, vitamin K antagonist) levels that inhibit γ-carboxylation are different in liver and bone (experiment 1), and to investigate whether the plasma osteocalcin (OC) level reflects bone OC levels (experiments 2 and 3). Four-week-old male rats were treated with 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, or 1.2 mg/l of(More)