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OBJECT The vertebral artery (VA) often takes a protrusive course posterolaterally over the posterior arch of the atlas. In this study, the authors attempted to quantify this posterolateral protrusion of the VA. METHODS Three-dimensional CT angiography images obtained for various cranial or cervical diseases in 140 patients were reviewed and evaluated.(More)
The syndrome of the sinking skin flap (SSSF) has been described as one of the causes of neurological deficits after decompressive craniectomy We report a case of a 57-year-old woman with SSSF. Two years earlier, this patient, with no neurological deficits, underwent removal of the bone flap during treatment of an epidural abscess due to wound infection(More)
CONTEXT Mutations have been identified in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene in familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA). It is not clear, however, how this molecular chaperone is involved in tumorigenesis. OBJECTIVE AIP sequence changes and expression were studied in FIPA and sporadic adenomas. The function of normal and(More)
OBJECT Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are composed of tall, well-differentiated, ciliated columnar epithelia. Their structures are altered by hyperplasia or squamous metaplasia, but their cause remains unknown. METHODS The authors studied pathological findings and anterior pituitary function in 20 patients harboring RCCs. They classified RCC epithelium as(More)
To determine the effects of surgery and adjuvant therapy on the mortality rate of Japanese patients with acromegaly, 154 surgically treated patients were followed until death or December 2000. Mean follow-up period was 10.0 +/- 6.5 (SD) years. Postoperative GH levels, mean values of GH levels measured in the first postoperative month, were <2.5 ng/mL in 73(More)
OBJECT The increase in the incidental detection of asymptomatic pituitary adenomas, known as "pituitary incidentalomas," led the authors to conduct a survey of the natural course of these lesions. METHODS Forty-two patients with clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas who had manifested no neurological or endocrinological disorders were monitored(More)
CONTEXT Isolated familial somatotropinoma (IFS) is a rare endocrine disease defined as the occurrence of at least two cases of acromegaly or gigantism in a family that does not exhibit features of Carney complex or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Analysis of the multigenerational expression in families suggests that IFS is inherited as an autosomal(More)
A 13-year-old boy presented with an epidural thoracic granulocytic sarcoma manifesting as rapidly progressive paraplegia preceding clinical manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a thoracic epidural tumor. He underwent emergent laminectomy and the tumor was totally resected. The initial histological diagnosis was(More)
Interstitial deletions involving the chromosomal band 15q15 are very rare. A total of five cases were previously reported. Here another case of a 15q15.2-q22.2 deletion is reported, presenting with severe craniosynostosis of coronary, metopic, and sagittal sutures. The chromosome 15 with the 17.7-Mb deletion was of the paternal origin. A critical region for(More)
The role of multi-detector-row computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) in spinal vascular malformations has not yet been determined. We present a report on a short series of spinal arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) evaluated by MDCTA. With 4-row and 16-row MDCTA, three cases of spinal dural AVF and one case of perimedullary AVF were examined. Each case was also(More)