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Neuronal cells injured by ischemia and reperfusion to a certain extent are committed to death in necrotic or apoptotic form. Necrosis is induced by gross ATP depletion or 'energy crisis' of the cell, whereas apoptosis is induced by a mechanism still to be defined in detail. Here, we investigated this mechanism by focusing on a DNA damage-sensor,(More)
Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) is a newly developed noninvasive imaging technique of brain activities. The signal intensity of MEMRI reflects cumulative activities of the neurons. To validate the use of MEMRI technique to investigate the neural mechanisms of learning and memory, we tried to map brain areas involved in the retrieval of conditioned taste(More)
We investigated the hippocampal pathology in diffuse Lewy body disease (DLBD) using alpha-synuclein immunohistochemistry. Ubiquitin-positive intrahippocampal structures caused by the degeneration of terminal axons of the perforant pathway were observed to be alpha-synuclein immunoreactive. These alpha-synuclein-positive degenerative terminals contained(More)
Expression of three types of mRNA encoding amyloid beta-protein precursor (APP) in various tissues was analysed, using a ribonuclease protection assay, with special reference to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The total content and the proportion of APP mRNAs were specific to each tissue. Among eight tissues examined, the brain was distinct in that the expression(More)
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene epsilon 4 allele is known to be associated with late-onset familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). We assessed the possible relationship between APOE genotypes and morphological or functional changes in AD brains by x-ray computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Xe-133 single photon emission CT(More)
The association between (GT)n dinucleotide repeats in monoamine oxidase gene loci, monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and B (MAOB), and Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Lewy body variant (LBV) of AD were determined. MAOA-GT polymorphisms were significantly associated with pure AD and LBV. MAOA-GT allele 113 was excessively represented in pure(More)
Eighteen patients with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) of the focal or widespread type were immunohistochemically studied with respect to myelination and ferritin-containing oligodendrocytes and compared with 23 controls. Morphometric examination of myelination and ferritin-containing oligodendrocytes revealed normal development in the nonnecrotic(More)
Alternative splicing of a transcript of amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene generates at least three types of mRNA coding for APP770, APP751, and APP695; the former two harbor, while the latter one lacks a Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor (KPI). We compared, by using the RNase protection technique, APP mRNAs expression between gray and white matters(More)
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) is routinely used as a model compound for eliciting centrilobular hepatotoxicity. It can be bioactivated to the trichloromethyl radical, which causes extensive lipid peroxidation and ultimately cell death by necrosis. Overactivation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) can rapidly reduce the levels of β-nicotinamide(More)
MOTIVATION Neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs) are progressive and fatal disorders, which are commonly characterized by the intracellular or extracellular presence of abnormal protein aggregates. The identification and verification of proteins interacting with causative gene products are effective ways to understand their physiological and pathological(More)