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Systematic linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping of 8p12-21 in the Icelandic population identified neuregulin 1 (NRG1) as a prime candidate gene for schizophrenia. However, results of replication studies have been inconsistent, and no large sample analyses have been reported. Therefore, we designed this study with the aim of assessing this putative(More)
Recently the clock genes have been reported to play some roles in neural transmitter systems, including the dopamine system, as well as to regulate circadian rhythms. Abnormalities in both of these mechanisms are thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of major mental illness such as schizophrenia and mood disorders including bipolar disorder (BP) and(More)
BACKGROUND Copy number variants (CNVs) have been shown to increase the risk to develop schizophrenia. The best supported findings are at 1q21.1, 15q11.2, 15q13.3, and 22q11.2 and deletions at the gene neurexin 1 (NRXN1). METHODS In this study, we used Affymetrix 5.0 arrays to investigate the role of rare CNVs in 575 patients with schizophrenia and 564(More)
Because several investigations, including genetic studies, have reported associations between serotonin (5-HT) 2A receptor gene and mood disorders, 5-HT 2A receptor gene (HTR2A) is a good candidate gene for the pathophysiology of mood disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BP). Using two functional SNPs (T102C and -A1438G)(More)
Abnormalities in neural connections and the neurotransmitter system appear to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex, which consists of Syntaxin1A, vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and synaptosomal-associated protein 25 kDa (SNAP25), plays an(More)
The neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS1) is located on 12q24, in a susceptibility region for schizophrenia, and produces nitric oxide (NO) in the brain. NO plays a role in neurotransmitter release and is the second messenger of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Furthermore, it is connected to the dopaminergic and serotonergic neural(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in glutaminergic neural transmission have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. A recent study reported that alterations in the 5-HT2A-mGluR2 complex may be involved in neural transmission in the schizophrenic cortex. In addition, methamphetamine-induced psychosis is thought to be similar to(More)
Several investigations have reported associations between serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptor and major psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BP), making the 5-HT1A receptor gene (HTR1A) a good candidate gene for the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and BP. To evaluate the association between HTR1A and schizophrenia and BP, we(More)
Several investigators have reported cognitive dysfunction in chronic schizophrenia that was associated with insight and social skills. Such cognitive dysfunction seriously hinders an immediate return to normal life. Recently, Kaneda et al. reported that the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia, Japanese-language version (BACS-J) was superior in(More)
A common functional polymorphism, Val108/158Met (rs4680), and haplotypes rs737865-rs4680-rs165599 in the Catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) have been extensively examined for association to schizophrenia; however, results of replication studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the genetic risk of COMT for(More)