Kunihiro Kawashima

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A common functional polymorphism, Val108/158Met (rs4680), and haplotypes rs737865-rs4680-rs165599 in the Catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) have been extensively examined for association to schizophrenia; however, results of replication studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the genetic risk of COMT for(More)
Recently the clock genes have been reported to play some roles in neural transmitter systems, including the dopamine system, as well as to regulate circadian rhythms. Abnormalities in both of these mechanisms are thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of major mental illness such as schizophrenia and mood disorders including bipolar disorder (BP) and(More)
Several recent investigations reported that the serotonin 2A receptor gene (HTR2A) was associated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in major depressive disorder. There have also been two reported association analyses of HTR2A with SSRI response in Japanese MDD patients, but the results were rather inconsistent and both studies had the(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence implicate abnormalities in glutamate neural transmission in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BP). Preclinical antidepressant effects were also reported for group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (Group II mGluRs) antagonists show dose-dependent(More)
Infantile autism was diagnosed by DSM-III criteria in 132 children (26 girls) who were outpatients of the Tsuchiura Child Guidance Center during the years 1977-1985. The children, all Japanese except for one Laotian boy born in Laos, were classified according to year and month of birth. The prevalence rate of infantile autism in southern Ibaraki, Japan,(More)
Because several investigations, including genetic studies, have reported associations between serotonin (5-HT) 2A receptor gene and mood disorders, 5-HT 2A receptor gene (HTR2A) is a good candidate gene for the pathophysiology of mood disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BP). Using two functional SNPs (T102C and -A1438G)(More)
The neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS1) is located on 12q24, in a susceptibility region for schizophrenia, and produces nitric oxide (NO) in the brain. NO plays a role in neurotransmitter release and is the second messenger of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Furthermore, it is connected to the dopaminergic and serotonergic neural(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in glutaminergic neural transmission have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. A recent study reported that alterations in the 5-HT2A-mGluR2 complex may be involved in neural transmission in the schizophrenic cortex. In addition, methamphetamine-induced psychosis is thought to be similar to(More)
Systematic linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping of 8p12-21 in the Icelandic population identified neuregulin 1 (NRG1) as a prime candidate gene for schizophrenia. However, results of replication studies have been inconsistent, and no large sample analyses have been reported. Therefore, we designed this study with the aim of assessing this putative(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies including our previous ones as to PROKR2 and CLOCK have suggested that circadian genes may be involved in the mechanisms of mood disorders and their treatment responses. Also several recent investigations have reported that SIRT1 plays an important role in the circadian system as conventional circadian clock genes, and also have some(More)