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BACKGROUND Copy number variants (CNVs) have been shown to increase the risk to develop schizophrenia. The best supported findings are at 1q21.1, 15q11.2, 15q13.3, and 22q11.2 and deletions at the gene neurexin 1 (NRXN1). METHODS In this study, we used Affymetrix 5.0 arrays to investigate the role of rare CNVs in 575 patients with schizophrenia and 564(More)
Systematic linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping of 8p12-21 in the Icelandic population identified neuregulin 1 (NRG1) as a prime candidate gene for schizophrenia. However, results of replication studies have been inconsistent, and no large sample analyses have been reported. Therefore, we designed this study with the aim of assessing this putative(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence implicate abnormalities in glutamate neural transmission in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BP). Preclinical antidepressant effects were also reported for group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (Group II mGluRs) antagonists show dose-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in glutaminergic neural transmission have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. A recent study reported that alterations in the 5-HT2A-mGluR2 complex may be involved in neural transmission in the schizophrenic cortex. In addition, methamphetamine-induced psychosis is thought to be similar to(More)
The neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS1) is located on 12q24, in a susceptibility region for schizophrenia, and produces nitric oxide (NO) in the brain. NO plays a role in neurotransmitter release and is the second messenger of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Furthermore, it is connected to the dopaminergic and serotonergic neural(More)
Abnormalities in neural connections and the neurotransmitter system appear to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex, which consists of Syntaxin1A, vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and synaptosomal-associated protein 25 kDa (SNAP25), plays an(More)
A variety of evidence suggests brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as a candidate gene for schizophrenia, and several genetic studies have shown a significant association between the disease and certain SNPs within BDNF (specifically, Val66Met and C270T). According to a recent study, the functional microsatellite marker BDNF-LCPR (BDNF-linked complex(More)
Recently, schizophrenia endophenotypes have been actively investigated to better understand the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Past studies have shown that cognitive functions, including working memory and executive function, correlate with acoustic startle responses, such as prepulse inhibition (PPI), in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this(More)
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficit, the acoustic startle reflex (ASR) and habituation (HAB) impairment are considered to be endophenotypes for schizophrenia. The recent two studies have reported that a PPI deficit was detected in Japanese schizophrenic patients. We replicated that study using larger samples (115 schizophrenic patients and 111 normal(More)
Acetylcholine concentrations were determined in suprachiasmatic nucleus of rats sacrificed by irradiation of microwave, using radioimmunoassay. No significant rhythmicity was observed over a 24-h period in rats blinded for two weeks. When the light was given at 22.00 h (illumination schedule L:07.00-19.00 h) in intact rats, acetylcholine concentration(More)