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Historically, the ribosome has been viewed as a complex ribozyme with constitutive rather than regulatory capacity in mRNA translation. Here we identify mutations of the Ribosomal Protein L38 (Rpl38) gene in mice exhibiting surprising tissue-specific patterning defects, including pronounced homeotic transformations of the axial skeleton. In Rpl38 mutant(More)
We have screened different cultured cell lines established from human tumors for the ability of their DNAs to induce transformed foci in NIH/3T3 cells. Based on restriction endonuclease digestions and the presence of human sequences in mouse transformants, we conclude that five of these human tumor cell lines contain a gene or genes capable of transforming(More)
DNA from T24, a cell line derived from a human bladder carcinoma, can induce the morphological transformation of NIH 3T3 cells. Using techniques of gene rescue to clone the gene responsible for this transformation, we have found that it is human in origin, less than 5 kilobase pairs in size and is homologous to a 1,100-base polyadenylated RNA species found(More)
Several different transforming genes have been observed in the DNA of a variety of tumours and tumour cell lines of human and rodent origin by the ability of these genes to induce morphological transformation in NIH 3T3 cells1-5. The transforming gene found in a human bladder carcinoma cell line, T24, is H-ras-1, the human homologue of the Harvey sarcoma(More)
The Jackson shaker (js) mouse carries a recessive mutation causing phenotypes such as deafness, abnormal behavior (circling and/or head-tossing) and degeneration of inner ear neuroepithelia. Two alleles have been identified so far, the original js and js(seal). A contig of three BAC clones was isolated by positional cloning. Two of the clones rescue the js(More)
The normal human N-ras gene has been cloned. In structure and sequence it closely resembles the human H-ras and K-ras genes. The three genes share regions of nucleotide homology and nucleotide divergence within coding sequences and have a common intron/exon structure, indicating that they have evolved from a similarly spliced ancestral gene. The N-ras gene(More)
The homologue of the viral Kirsten ras (v-Ki-ras) gene found in the human lung carcinoma cell line, Calu-1, has an intron-exon structure similar to that of the human homologue of the viral Harvey ras (v-Ha-ras) gene. A second, potential fourth coding exon is present in the human Ki-ras gene and similar sequences are found in the Kirsten murine sarcoma(More)
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a group of commonly inherited defects of dental enamel formation, which exhibits marked genetic and clinical heterogeneity. The genetic basis of this heterogeneity is still poorly understood. Enamelin, the affected gene product in one form of AI (AIH2), is an extracellular matrix protein that is one of the components of(More)
We characterized the genomic structure of the human ING1 gene, a candidate tumor suppressor gene, and found that the gene has three exons. We also demonstrated that four mRNA variants were transcribed from three different promoter regions. Of 34 informative cases of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, 68% of tumors showed loss of heterozygosity at(More)
The AML1 gene on chromosome 21 was rearranged by the t(8;21) chromosomal translocation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Southern blot analysis of 21 AML patients with t(8;21), including three with complex translocations, t(8;V;21), demonstrated that all the breakpoints occurred at random within a single intron between two coding exons of AML1. Clustering of(More)